{spacing} is about both horizontal and vertical white space, e.g. space between letters or words, or space between paragraphs. For adjusting the space between the lines of a document, use {line-spacing} or -- if your question is specifically about the package of the same name -- {setspace}.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

8
votes
2answers
5k views

How do I write something at the end of the slide in beamer? [duplicate]

I have an image, I want to write its source in a very small font size on the last possible line of the slide, ignoring the available space after image \section{SCS} \subsection{SCS} \begin{frame} ...
8
votes
2answers
416 views

Custom ToC — Put vspace only below chapters that have sections in them

I’m using the titletoc package in the book class. Currently, my chapter entries are configured like this (I left out the unimportant parameters for simplicity): \titlecontents{chapter}[0pc] ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

\parskip inserts extra space after floats (and listings)

This question seems to be a duplicate of How to remove the skip after a listing when "\parskip" is increased with "\baselineskip"? but the answer given there doesn’t work although ...
8
votes
2answers
921 views

Apply \intextsep at top of page

In trying to provide an answer to this question: Two column trouble - positioning of figures and text, I realized that I need to shift the wrapfigure up to account for the extra spacing that the ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Grouping the list of listings by chapter

I am using the listings package. I want to print out a list of listings, which I can do. The thing is that in the other listings the typesetter "groups" figures/tables by chapter. Is it possible to ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Different space between \align and \equation

Why produce the align and the equation environment different space between the text. And what can I do, that it have the same? \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} Long ...
7
votes
1answer
7k views

How can I control the horizontal space between minipages?

I'm trying to place two mini pages next to each other, one with text, one with an image. But my code has them spaced really far apart. How can I bring them together horizontally. I've tried \hspace ...
7
votes
1answer
5k views

Adjusting left/right margins of a wrapfig

Is there a (simple) way to adjust the white space to the left or right of a wrapfigure? I'd like to reduce the whitespace on the left side of a right-floated figure. Adding \hspace moves the figure ...
6
votes
1answer
152 views

Spacing around inline equations

What is the parameter determining spacing and stretchability around inline equations? I want to tweak spacing exactly but cannot find where the parameters are.
6
votes
1answer
243 views

fleqn document class option, long text lines, and hyperref package

When the fleqn option is used, the vertical spacing before an equation placed right after a "long" text line (exactly \linewidth I would say) is improperly set up. See below: From the mathmode user ...
6
votes
2answers
15k views

center and \centering both add space above; \centerline does not

The nag package suggests I use the center environment in LaTeX, rather than the TeX \centerline command. When I do that, however, I find that the former inserts a blank line above the line (in my ...
6
votes
1answer
12k views

Increase height of fancyhdr header

How would one increase the height of the \fancyhead{} so that the text in the main body, doesn't collide with the title? I have the following MWE: \documentclass[a4paper,10pt,oneside]{article} ...
6
votes
1answer
6k views

Different spacing around equation and align

In my document, I use align and equation, depending on the length of the equation. They are spaced differently, as you can see on the picture below. I read that comments in the empty lines would ...
5
votes
1answer
10k views

Add four images on a beamer frame

What is the best way to add four images on a beamer frame? I am using \documentclass[slidestop,compress,11pt,xcolor=dvipsnames]{beamer} \usefonttheme[onlymath]{serif} \definecolor{LHCblue}{RGB}{4, ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Remove additional space around \underbrace{…}

How do I remove the additional space that is added when using \underbrace{...}, to get the same width in both lines: \documentclass{scrreprt} \usepackage[ngerman]{babel} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Indentation in list environment

How can I specify explicitly both the indentation of the label and the actual item's text from the left margin in a list environment. I would like to achieve the following:
3
votes
1answer
687 views

What are the different kinds of vertical spacing and horizontal spacing commands available?

@egreg gave a very nice and thorough answer to What are the different kinds of boxes in (La)TeX?. It seems it would be nice to have a similarly thorough answer to controlling spacing. I'm not ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Vertical space between chapter title and top in book document class

Does anyone know how to change the distance between a chapter title (or table of contents title, or...) and the top of the page, when using the book document class? I'm satisfied with the rest of the ...
20
votes
5answers
5k views

Increasing Letterspace for words in caps or small caps

Some typographers say it's a good habit to increase the letterspace when writing words in caps or small caps. So my question is, how to do it with pdflatex and/or xelatex? And while we're at it, which ...
14
votes
1answer
3k views

How to remove top and bottom whitespace of longtable?

I am using longtable instead of tabular environment and noticed that it puts some additional whitespace at the top and at the bottom of the table. Is there some way to remove it (something less hacky ...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

\colon for maps in opposite direction

Using \colon gives correct spacing for a map $F\colon C\to D$ in one direction. But writing $L\colon C\rightleftarrows D\colon R$ for a couple of maps in both directions (e.g. for an adjunction) gives ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Mixing math character classes (e.g. \mathord to the left and \mathrel to the right)

It is possible to have a symbol or group behave to the left as if it had one particular math character class and to the right as if it had another? One typical case where this comes up is when one ...
12
votes
1answer
6k views

Size of TikZ ellipse node

When I set the minimum size of an ellipse in a tikzpicture environment, it expands into a circle if the inner content does not grow as large as the ellipse shape itself. Is there any way around it? ...
11
votes
1answer
214 views

how to display upright letters in math mode without manually creating space?

\documentclass[11pt,a4paper]{article} \title{Title} \author{Author} \begin{document} \maketitle $\{ n \mid n\ \mbox{is\ even} \}$ \end{document} Since it is a relatively rare occasion for me to ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Best practices for spacing regarding fractions and roots?

My problem is that I am about to write a longer mathematical text, and it will be filled with integrals. Integrals tend to be filled with pesky fractions, square roots and what not. Personally I feel ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

control vertical space before and after verbatim environment?

How do I control how much vertical space appears before and after a verbatim environment? With the following source (run through pdflatex): \documentclass[varwidth]{standalone} \begin{document} text ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Add asterisk after labels in enumerate

I would like to add an asterisk after certain labels in the enumerate environment. So for example \documentclass{article} \begin{document} \begin{enumerate} \item Kuttel \item* Daddeldu ...
10
votes
2answers
171 views

In which way have fake spaces made it to actual use?

I skimmed the abstracts of TUG 2014 and stumbled over "Fake spaces" with pdfTeX -- the best of both worlds by Ross Moore. The abstract says: With the 2014 version of TeX Live, new primitives are ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

Extra page at beginning of appendix containing big figures

I have an appendix that contains two full-page figures. The first page of the appendix is always blank except for the title -- I suspect this is a common problem with appendices of full page figures. ...
10
votes
2answers
317 views

Compute remaining horizontal space in align environment

I use align* often and sometimes it is preferable to add text to the right hand side of an equation instead of using \intertext, or \shortintertext, which tends to interrupt the math flow. This is ...
10
votes
5answers
1k views

parenthesis around underbrace too big

I have the problem that I want to have an equation with underbrace but the surrounding parenthesis shall not include the underbrace, i.e. should have the size as if the underbrace wasn't there. Here ...
10
votes
3answers
930 views

Space on the right hand side of a unary math operator

I know that \mathop{...} is used to give some space on the both sides of the binary operator. Could anyone tell what to use to give some space only on the right hand side of an unary math operator? ...
9
votes
1answer
196 views

Hyperref adds vertical space to listings

When I input a listing with \lstinputlisting from the listings package, I get an additional vertical space, when I use this in combination with the hyperref package. As the picture shows, a certain ...
9
votes
1answer
894 views

Spacing after itemize inside a tabular

I have a problem with the spacing after an itemize inside a tabular. \documentclass[12pt]{article} \usepackage{lipsum} \usepackage[usenames,dvipsnames]{xcolor} \usepackage{framed} ...
9
votes
1answer
688 views

ignoring vertical space due to underbraces in cases environment

In the following formula, I would like to change the rendering such that the lower end of the "cases" brace looks as if there were no underbraces. Is that possible? I already tried \smash and negative ...
8
votes
1answer
310 views

Suppress \unspace command to force biblatex to add spaces (DIN 1505)

DIN 1505 requires breakable interword spaces in front of punctuation. A bibliography entry is supposed to look like this: Lastname1, Firstname1 ; Lastname2, Firstname2: Title : Subtitle [...] ...
8
votes
1answer
172 views

Change spacing around binary operators

I'd like to change spacing around binary operators and this issue is discussed there: How to change default for spacing around binary relations? Is there way how to change spacing in math and ...
8
votes
1answer
9k views

Tabular: Underfull \hbox (badness 10000) in paragraph at lines

I read all the questions regarding the error message Underfull \hbox (badness 10000) in paragraph at lines but I am still not sure if my code is correct. The problem is with the tabular of a table. ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Remove spaces after a custom definition

As scientific species names should be written in italic, I have adopted a shortcut to do this in LaTex by creating a definition in the preamble: \def\GM{{\it Gadus morhua~}} Then it's easy to call ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Horizontal Spacing: double \hspace removal?

\addvspace can be used to create commands which can be stacked together without creating unnecessary padding. This is useful for creating commands which start and end with \addvspace so that they can ...
7
votes
1answer
143 views

Undesired spacing before \sqrt[n]{x}, proper way to fix?

This code \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \[ J(\sqrt[n]{x}) \] \end{document} compiles into this: The spacing after the opening parentheses is ugly. What's the ...
7
votes
2answers
460 views

A macro for optimization problems

This question is an extension of Using an array environment inside an xparse command. I was advised to make a separate question for the extension. I would like to thank egreg very much for his help. I ...
7
votes
2answers
740 views

Excess vertical space in mdframed ending with display math environment

When the mdframed environment ends with an align there is excess vertical spacing at the bottom. I would like to adjust the MyBoxedEnvironment environment such that the vertical space at the bottom ...
6
votes
1answer
288 views

Keywords with spaces in Listings

I want spaced keywords in listings (that is, keyword, with spaces in between). Now, there are some questions in this site already answered, like this one, where the official answer is that “it is not ...
6
votes
4answers
440 views

How to repeat text

I get interesting errors with the following macro. Mostly it works, but I get extra spaces after \noindent (but not after \newline). I tried using \loop or \whiledo (from ifthen) but get stack ...
6
votes
1answer
119 views

Moving an enumerate up

I am trying to emulate a table with nested enumerate lists. From my reading, using a table is impossible - lets assume that is true. I am generating the latex from javascript. What I am trying to do ...
6
votes
3answers
738 views

Putting a coloured background behind text without adding whitespace

Consider this: I want to be able to highlight text like this without adding space around it -- so each word in the first line should line up with the corresponding word in the second line. (I know ...
6
votes
2answers
620 views

Keeping the distance between mathematical symbols consistent?

In order to make text flushed both left and right, latex adjusts the distance between words, and to a lesser extent, the distance between characters within a word. This is good, however it also ...
6
votes
2answers
625 views

Change vertical space of chapters temporarly in Table of Contents

I have grouped sections nicely below of chapters in ToC, so that there is no space between chapter and following sections, but there is some space between last section and following chapter. All this ...
6
votes
2answers
917 views

latex tabular issue

I am creating a tabular in LaTeX. I want one column to be as small as possible, with no inter column spacing, so that it's just enough to fit the text. I know the answer to this question: I need to ...