{spacing} is about both horizontal and vertical white space, e.g. space between letters or words, or space between paragraphs. For adjusting the space between the lines of a document, use {line-spacing} or -- if your question is specifically about the package of the same name -- {setspace}.

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3
votes
2answers
3k views

Vertical space between chapter title and top in book document class

Does anyone know how to change the distance between a chapter title (or table of contents title, or...) and the top of the page, when using the book document class? I'm satisfied with the rest of the ...
21
votes
5answers
6k views

Increasing Letterspace for words in caps or small caps

Some typographers say it's a good habit to increase the letterspace when writing words in caps or small caps. So my question is, how to do it with pdflatex and/or xelatex? And while we're at it, which ...
15
votes
1answer
8k views

Size of TikZ ellipse node

When I set the minimum size of an ellipse in a tikzpicture environment, it expands into a circle if the inner content does not grow as large as the ellipse shape itself. Is there any way around it? \...
14
votes
1answer
1k views

\colon for maps in opposite direction

Using \colon gives correct spacing for a map $F\colon C\to D$ in one direction. But writing $L\colon C\rightleftarrows D\colon R$ for a couple of maps in both directions (e.g. for an adjunction) gives ...
14
votes
1answer
5k views

control vertical space before and after verbatim environment?

How do I control how much vertical space appears before and after a verbatim environment? With the following source (run through pdflatex): \documentclass[varwidth]{standalone} \begin{document} text ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Space on the right hand side of a unary math operator

I know that \mathop{...} is used to give some space on the both sides of the binary operator. Could anyone tell what to use to give some space only on the right hand side of an unary math operator? ...
12
votes
3answers
976 views

Empty line (in code) before enumerate environment

I like my code to look like this: \documentclass{article} \begin{document} \begin{enumerate} \item test text \begin{enumerate} \item 1 \item 2 \item 3 \item 4 \item 5 \end{...
11
votes
1answer
302 views

how to display upright letters in math mode without manually creating space?

\documentclass[11pt,a4paper]{article} \title{Title} \author{Author} \begin{document} \maketitle $\{ n \mid n\ \mbox{is\ even} \}$ \end{document} Since it is a relatively rare occasion for me to ...
11
votes
2answers
357 views

Compute remaining horizontal space in align environment

I use align* often and sometimes it is preferable to add text to the right hand side of an equation instead of using \intertext, or \shortintertext, which tends to interrupt the math flow. This is ...
11
votes
2answers
728 views

LaTeX sphack family of commands.

LaTeX offers a number of commands that can be used in macros that want to be invisible i.e., not leave any extra space when used in the middle of text. These macros include \@esphack, \@bsphack, \@...
11
votes
5answers
2k views

parenthesis around underbrace too big

I have the problem that I want to have an equation with underbrace but the surrounding parenthesis shall not include the underbrace, i.e. should have the size as if the underbrace wasn't there. Here ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Best practices for spacing regarding fractions and roots?

My problem is that I am about to write a longer mathematical text, and it will be filled with integrals. Integrals tend to be filled with pesky fractions, square roots and what not. Personally I feel ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Spacing after itemize inside a tabular

I have a problem with the spacing after an itemize inside a tabular. \documentclass[12pt]{article} \usepackage{lipsum} \usepackage[usenames,dvipsnames]{xcolor} \usepackage{framed} \usepackage[parfill]...
10
votes
3answers
4k views

Spacing around \text{} in mathmode

Inspired by this question, here's my mathmode spacing bugbear. I quite often have equations that look like this: \begin{equation} \text{If}\ B_1 \succeq B_2 \ \text{and}\ B_2 \succeq B_3 \ \text{...
9
votes
1answer
10k views

Tabular: Underfull \hbox (badness 10000) in paragraph at lines

I read all the questions regarding the error message Underfull \hbox (badness 10000) in paragraph at lines but I am still not sure if my code is correct. The problem is with the tabular of a table. ...
9
votes
1answer
246 views

Hyperref adds vertical space to listings

When I input a listing with \lstinputlisting from the listings package, I get an additional vertical space, when I use this in combination with the hyperref package. As the picture shows, a certain ...
9
votes
1answer
837 views

ignoring vertical space due to underbraces in cases environment

In the following formula, I would like to change the rendering such that the lower end of the "cases" brace looks as if there were no underbraces. Is that possible? I already tried \smash and negative ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Horizontal Spacing: double \hspace removal?

\addvspace can be used to create commands which can be stacked together without creating unnecessary padding. This is useful for creating commands which start and end with \addvspace so that they can ...
8
votes
1answer
382 views

Suppress \unspace command to force biblatex to add spaces (DIN 1505)

DIN 1505 requires breakable interword spaces in front of punctuation. A bibliography entry is supposed to look like this: Lastname1, Firstname1 ; Lastname2, Firstname2: Title : Subtitle [...] &...
8
votes
1answer
250 views

Change spacing around binary operators

I'd like to change spacing around binary operators and this issue is discussed there: How to change default for spacing around binary relations? Is there way how to change spacing in math and ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Remove spaces after a custom definition

As scientific species names should be written in italic, I have adopted a shortcut to do this in LaTex by creating a definition in the preamble: \def\GM{{\it Gadus morhua~}} Then it's easy to call ...
7
votes
1answer
615 views

Footnote being pushed to after a float page.

I have somewhat bizarre footnote placement in a document that I'm typing. Unfortunately, I'm also having trouble reducing it to a minimum not-working example as this behaviour seems to depend on many ...
7
votes
1answer
979 views

Swallowed space after \tnote

I'm using threeparttable to add table notes to a tabu tabular*. A common use case is to have a note at the end of a cell. If the note is however not added to a cell's last word, the following space is ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

LaTeX: Align first table line with \item contents.

Consider this example: \begin{enumerate} \item Blablabla bla bla bla. \begin{tabular}{l} Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet.\\ Consectetur adipiscing elit.\\ ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Subscript spacing in equation

I have a document, where I want to use $\tau_{ff}$. If this is rendered it looks like a space is inserted between the two f's. $\tau_{rl}$ looks fine ... Where does this additional space come from ...
7
votes
1answer
11k views

Reduce space between subfigure and the subfigure captions

How can I reduce the space between subfigure and the sufigure captions ? Preamble \usepackage{float}%exact location \usepackage{graphicx} \usepackage{caption} \usepackage{subcaption} % for ...
7
votes
1answer
6k views

Removing vertical space before and after tabbing environment

When I write \begin{tabbing} \hspace{4in}\= \kill % set up two tab positions {\bf University }, {\it City, NW} \> PhD, Physics (2007-2011)\\ \end{tabbing} Methodology and numerical ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

Appearance issues with \bar{} and \underline{}

The following code \documentclass{article} \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} \usepackage[latin9]{inputenc} \begin{document} \[ \left[\underline{x},\bar{x}\right] \] \[ \left[\underline{t},\bar{t}\right] \] \...
7
votes
2answers
835 views

Excess vertical space in mdframed ending with display math environment

When the mdframed environment ends with an align there is excess vertical spacing at the bottom. I would like to adjust the MyBoxedEnvironment environment such that the vertical space at the bottom ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Spacing between items containing a parbox

I would like to make a list, each entry of which has two pieces of information: a date range, and a description. If there are two separate date ranges that apply to an item, I would like to be able to ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Uneven space between bibliography entries using flushend

I'm having problems with uneven spacing between bibliography entries. As seen in the attached screenshot, the space between entry 4 and 5 is much smaller than the rest of the distances. This makes the ...
6
votes
4answers
616 views

How to repeat text

I get interesting errors with the following macro. Mostly it works, but I get extra spaces after \noindent (but not after \newline). I tried using \loop or \whiledo (from ifthen) but get stack ...
6
votes
1answer
160 views

How to distribute narrow expressions along a line?

I want something like this: two narrow equations/words equally distributed along the linewidth. I used next code: \documentclass{beamer} \usetheme{Warsaw} \begin{document} \begin{frame} \begin{...
6
votes
1answer
443 views

Keywords with spaces in Listings

I want spaced keywords in listings (that is, keyword, with spaces in between). Now, there are some questions in this site already answered, like this one, where the official answer is that “it is not ...
6
votes
2answers
882 views

Change vertical space of chapters temporarly in Table of Contents

I have grouped sections nicely below of chapters in ToC, so that there is no space between chapter and following sections, but there is some space between last section and following chapter. All this ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Putting a coloured background behind text without adding whitespace

Consider this: I want to be able to highlight text like this without adding space around it -- so each word in the first line should line up with the corresponding word in the second line. (I know ...
6
votes
1answer
14k views

How to change spacing between columns for just one page in the document

I'm using the multicol package for my columns. So far, I have \setlength\columnsep{10pt} in the preamble to set the default column separation. But for one particular page, I'd like to set the ...
6
votes
1answer
469 views

Suppress space between Chinese and Roman typeface in XeLaTeX

When the Roman characters [a-z0-9] and Chinese characters alternate in XeLaTeX, a space is automatically entered between the two types of character. For example, both Abcde我fg and Abcde 我 fg produce: ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Wrapfigure apparently creating dummy space on a following page

The example below is a newsletter with two news items. The first item has a wrapfigure to include a graphic. The second does not But the resulting PDF (made with PDFLaTeX) has a blank area close to ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Vertical spacing in tables with math

How can I force LaTeX to vertically center math in a table taking into account subscripts, superscripts, etc? It appears from the output below that LaTeX vertically centered the $JV$ and added the ...
5
votes
3answers
13k views

Writing a limit so that the subscript goes directly underneath

When I write $\lim_{x \rightarrow p} f(x) = q$, the subscript x \rightarrow p appears to the right of the limit, instead of directly underneath it. When I try $\displaystyle \lim_{x \rightarrow p} f(...
5
votes
2answers
113 views

tikz bounding box / cropping: too much space for curves

I have a problem with TikZ's auto-cropping/auto-calculating the bounding box for a tikzpicture. Look at the following example: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{tikz} \begin{document} Lorem ipsum ...
5
votes
2answers
98 views

How to move the chapter title upwards on page?

How can I get the chapter higher on the page in order to get as many words as possible per page. Here is my MWE of what I am talking about. \documentclass[12pt]{book} \usepackage[pass,showframe]{...
5
votes
1answer
154 views

Spacing between tables

I need to adjust the vertical spacing between three tables as defined in the following MWE. \vspace{30pt} only works for between the second and third table. I'm suspecting this has something to do ...
4
votes
2answers
202 views

keep alignment under enumerate

I would like to keep the indentation for my fraction that appears below my first item however i don't know how to align it if itself is not an item. source code: \documentclass{article} \usepackage[...
4
votes
4answers
483 views

\frac{1-z^{n+1}}{1-z} doesn't look very good and how to leave space equal to the size of a given text

When we write it by hand we usually align the 1's in numerator and denominator. Should I change it manually, i.e. defining a command for typing the sum of the geometric progression or is there a ...
4
votes
1answer
211 views

Removing a half-blank line and precisely calculating a space

Consider the following MWE: Some text, Some text, Some text, Some text, Some text, Some text, Some text, Some text, Some text, Some text, Some text, Some text \begin{enumerate} \item This is a line \...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

vspace has no effect in parcolumns

I have following template for my resume wherein I am trying to get rid of the space between two education fields (space between two university entries, this causes my resume to go to second page). The ...
4
votes
1answer
237 views

Add \par only if last paragraph did not end with displayed math

Background: I have named "sections" (sections for rest of this question) which are conditionally displayed or suppressed based on parameters. To simplify the test case below, these are controlled by ...
3
votes
1answer
621 views

Big space between subsection, text and graphics

I have a problem with space between subsection, text and image. I have code: \documentclass[12pt, a4paper]{article} \usepackage[demo]{graphicx} \usepackage{caption} \begin{document} \subsection{Some ...