{subscripts} are smaller characters appearing set slightly below the normal line.

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132
votes
11answers
235k views

How to typeset subscript in usual text mode?

It's easy to make subscripts in math mode: $a_i$. How do I make a subscript outside math environment, likethis?
82
votes
7answers
41k views

Left and right subscript

I am trying to put two subscripts at the left and right of a character. For example, something like: _{t} p_{x} where p is in the middle. How do you do this?
29
votes
3answers
6k views

non-kludgey left subscripts

I was taught to make a left subscript as a right subscript to {}. For example, I would use f: {}_RA \rightarrow {}_RB to typeset this: If you instead use f: _RA \rightarrow _RB the left ...
26
votes
1answer
2k views

Which command should I use for textual subscripts in math mode?

Textual subscripts like in W_{total} should be typeset in an upright text font (so that code isn't good practice), as has been discussed in various questions here. Now there are several ways to ...
24
votes
5answers
6k views

Subscripts for primed variables

When I add a subscript to a primed variable, the subscript is rendered lower than when it is a subscript to an unprimed variable. For example, when I compile $l_x l'_x l_x l'_x l_x l'_x$ I get ...
23
votes
3answers
2k views

maths nested superscripts and subscripts displayed incorrectly inline

I am having a strange bug when using nested superscripts and subscripts in inline math (displaystyle works fine). This behaviour is the same independently of the font used or the compiler (orginally ...
22
votes
2answers
12k views

Is there an “underscript” command?

Is there a way to do underscripts? By "underscript" I mean a small font underneath the text object like limits or sums have. I don't want it to behave like a math operator though, where it is typeset ...
21
votes
1answer
53k views

Double Subscript for Subsequences

What's the best way to write subsequences? $x_n_i$ gives an error, while $x_{n_{i}}$ works, but it just looks like $x_{ni}$ (the i isn't lowered enough below the n)...
21
votes
4answers
16k views

How to typeset indices before a symbol?

I know how to write a usual index with the help of the underscore, but I seem to be unable to find out how to write an (upper/lower) index in front of a letter/text. These kind of indices are common ...
21
votes
4answers
4k views

Underscore in textmode vs mathmode

I use _ character often in text mode, so I changed category of underscore: \catcode\_=12, but that applies also to mathmode and now I'm unable to make subscripts with underscore in mathmode. Is there ...
19
votes
6answers
750 views

How to let three subscripts and three superscripts to be aligned

Suppose I need to get a formula like $L^{2,3/4,5/6}_{1,2,3}$ in Latex. Then $2$--$1$, $3/4$--$2$, $5/6$--$3$ is not aligned. See Then how can I let these three to be aligned?
19
votes
3answers
50k views

Vertically aligning textsuperscript and textsubscript together

I would like to show both super and subscript together some text. I tried this sometext\textsuperscript{1}\textsubscript{2} But 2 does not show up right below 1. Thanks for your help. Also ...
19
votes
1answer
316 views

Is it possible to define a command taking an optional star and working in a subscript?

Note: this is more or less a cross-post from my blog. I hope this is acceptable, especially that this is a genuine question! I’m currently writing a (longish) document on mathematics. Among other ...
19
votes
2answers
1k views

Placement of subscripts using unicode-math. Is it XeTeX bug?

I don't like placement of subsripts when using unicode math fonts under XeLaTeX. In contrast to CM fonts the subscripts are placed at different vertical positions obviously depending on the depth of ...
17
votes
3answers
7k views

How to raise a subscript?

For some reason, I need to write a “minus” sign as a subscript on some symbols, but if I simply write $\Pi_{-}$ the result looks kind of odd. I've found that $\Pi{\scriptstyle -}$ looks reasonably ...
17
votes
3answers
27k views

Supremum of the infimum

Consider the following snippet: $$\text{d}_{H}(A,B) = \max\left\{ \sup_{a\in A} \inf_{b\in B} \text{d}(a,b),\sup_{b\in B} \inf_{a\in A}\text{d}(a,b)\right\}$$ In the output, the text under the ...
14
votes
2answers
352 views

Problem with the subscripts of adjacent sums

I have a problem with the subscript under the sum, \sum_{i \in X} \sum_{i \in \bar{X}} for example gives the subscript at different heights for each sum. Does anyone know how to fix this?
14
votes
3answers
1k views

By default, how much do ^ and _ raise and lower the text box in superscript and subscript respectively?

I'm trying to define a set of commands for superscript and subscript, but cannot use the characters ^ and _ in doing so. I've been able to define the correct font size by using \check@mathfonts\...
14
votes
1answer
492 views

Etiquette for math subscripts and superscripts

It is my first question here, I hope it is not too stupid... I am writing my thesis in math and I need a lot of subscripts and superscripts. My problem arises since in subscripts and superscripts ...
13
votes
2answers
568 views

Kerning of subscripts

I have a large document that's full of subscripted variables that represent points and vectors. I want to typeset the points and vectors upright and bold. I'm using Unicode Math with Latin Modern, and ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Differences in vertical positioning of superscripts and subscripts depending on grouping (`{ }`): Why? Caveats? Workarounds?

This question about {(x+y)}^2 vs (x+y)^2 drew my attention to the slightly different vertical positioning of super- and subscripts for such expressions. Compare (x+y)^8_8 (left) and {(x+y)}^8_8 (right)...
13
votes
1answer
10k views

Boldface and subscripts in verbatim mode?

How do I create boldface and subscripts in verbatim mode? I've seen mention of a fancyvrb package that might be able to help. Can anyone provide working LaTeX code, either with or without fancyvrb?
13
votes
1answer
2k views

Removing extra space with \pmod command

When using the \pmod command as a subscript to a sum, I often encounter some extra unwanted space. For example, writing \[ \sum_{n \equiv 1 \pmod{k}} ... \] produces the following image: Does ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

How do you get a scriptscriptstyle-sized prime?

As you go from \displaystyle to \scriptstyle to \scriptscriptstyle, letters and numbers, for instance, shrink. Weirdly, to my mind, the prime symbol (') shrinks from \displaystyle to \scriptstyle, ...
12
votes
1answer
473 views

Typesetting Subscript: Which is correct?

Which one is correct? p_1 or p_1^{}
12
votes
1answer
268 views

Is there a way to stop the vertical spread of multiple super- and sub-scripts?

I'd like to be able to place multiple sub and superscripts (in maths mode) on an element without having them expand vertically. That is, so that in the output of ${x^2_4}^6_8$, the 2 and 6 were ...
11
votes
3answers
870 views

Avoiding overlapping superscripts and subscripts in matrices

I was working on some calculus today and tried to typeset a matrix of partial derivatives and ran into some trouble. Here is my code: \documentclass{minimal} \usepackage{mathtools} \begin{document} \...
11
votes
2answers
11k views

Problem formatting a subscript in math mode

$\nu_{\rm FWHM}$ prints FWHM too large. But when I try: $\nu_{\mbox{\tiny FWHM}}$ the size is okay but the kerning looks wrong. What is the best way to make a compact little FWHM subscript tag ...
11
votes
3answers
581 views

Subscript like math but without the minus sign

There are several questions regarding subscripts on Stack Exchange, but I did not find an answer to my specific problem. I want to write something about P_1 ... P_n and then about R_en-1 ... R_en-q. ...
11
votes
2answers
12k views

Derivatives: enter “evaluated at” vertical bar with multiple values as subscripts

Sorry for the long title, but how do I enter evaluated at (for a derivative), with multiple valuation criteria at the bottom of the the big | line? Thanks!
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Multiple tensor indices with breqn package

When I try to use the tensor style file to create multiple tensor indices with the breqn style file, I run into the following problem shown in this (minimal) code: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{...
11
votes
1answer
174 views

Size of indices (sub- and super- scripts)

I've been looking around for a way to change the size of indices (all through the manuscript). I found a lot of stuff, which could work, but I refuse to use without understandind. (See for example ...
11
votes
1answer
340 views

Capture a macro's subscripts/superscripts by the macro

Is it possible to capture sub-/superscripts added to a macro by the macro itself? Consider the following example: \newcommand{\fx}[1]{f(x)} \fx{x} % -> f(x) \fx{x}^2 % -> f(x)² Now the ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

Subscript vertical position dependent on presence of superscript - how to change? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Subscripts for primed variables If I have a variable which is always subscripted but only sometimes superscripted, the vertical position of the subscript varies. For ...
10
votes
3answers
280 views

What's wrong with arev's subscript placement?

Short story: why does LaTeX's default math font manage to align the two v subscripts in columns 3 and 4, while the arev math font, shown in the second line, produce separate vertical positions for ...
10
votes
4answers
152 views

How can I align two boxes to the top right and top left of a surrounding box?

Assuming the following structure (auto-generated from another document), how should I define \csup and \csub to line the sup boxes to line up with the top of the neighbouring box, and the sub boxes to ...
10
votes
1answer
5k views

How to make proportional subscript when using smaller font in math mode?

How to make proportional subscript when using \tiny (or smaller than normal font size) in math mode? The following screenshot shows subscripts for \tiny, \scriptsize and normal font sizes. \...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Weird relative positioning of superscript and subscript with \dot, \bar

Minimal working example: \documentclass[12pt]{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} \[ {A^\mu}_\nu \] \[ {\bar{A}^\mu}_\nu \] \end{document} The result is. Why is the placement of ...
10
votes
1answer
447 views

Double subscript problem

The code \DeclareMathOperator*{\FAggregate}{F} \begin{equation} q_k'(e) = \FAggregate\limits_{a \in R}_a (q_k(S(a))) \end{equation} causes a problem with an additional _a. What I want is the a to ...
9
votes
2answers
295 views

Kerning and long subscripts or superscripts

For really long sub(super)scripts, does it look bad to decrease the kerning? i.e. \lim_{n\to\infty}{\dfrac{1}{s_n^2}\sum_{i=1}^n \int_{|x-\mu_i|>\varepsilon s_n} (x-\mu_i)^2f_i(x)dx}=0 \lim_{n\...
9
votes
2answers
273 views

recursive multiple subscript and superscript with xparse

How can I define a new command with xparse, something like this: \NewDocumentCommand\tensorkor{ m >{\SplitList{,}}o >{\SplitList{,}}o } { ????? } that i can execute $ \tensorkor{T}{^a,_b,...
9
votes
1answer
4k views

Text in subscript

For my text-in-mathmode needs in LaTeX, I use \mbox. However, it does not seem to behave well in subscripts. How can I write text that adjusts its height? $ 3 \mbox{dB} = f_{ 3 \mbox{dB} } $ ...
9
votes
2answers
639 views

Align subscripts vertically

I would like to align the subscripts in an expression such as this one: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{amsmath} \begin{document} $$\sup_{f\in\mathcal H}\lim_{\epsilon\downarrow 0}\sup_{g\in\...
9
votes
3answers
6k views

Writing (mixed) tensors

Does anybody know about a specific package for handling tensors? Consider, for example, a contraction of the type $g^{\alpha\beta}g^{\gamma\delta}R_{\alpha\mu\gamma\nu}=R^{\beta\;delta}_{\;\mu\;\nu}$...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Redefine underscore to produce roman subscript

I would like to redefine the underscore _ to automatically set subscripts in math mode in roman type, as I currently find myself almost always using _\mathrm{}. I can't find a way of redefining what _ ...
9
votes
1answer
681 views

Consistent vertical positioning of superscripts

This is somehow a follow-up question to this one. I've got the following math expression: \nabla_y u_0^{(i)}\nabla_y v^{(i)} However, no matte, whether I enclose the v in curly brackets or not (as ...
9
votes
4answers
8k views

how to make subscripts automatically choose font size

Would it be possible to make subscripts in math mode automatically choose a smaller font when a subscript is in uppercase? E.g., if I have sA, the "A" would appear quite big. Is it possible to tell ...
9
votes
2answers
197 views

raising subscript with mhchem

I've tried to define a macro with staggered sub- and superscript and added a formula with mhchem to the superscript. the typesetting seems misaligned especially the subscript seems to be typeseted to ...
9
votes
1answer
395 views

Reduce spacing between lines and stacked subscripts with mathop

I am using the following code to typeset a minus (or a plus) under a syllable of text to be used for chant: \def\mi#1{$\displaystyle{\mathop{\mbox{\smash {#1}}}_{\scriptscriptstyle -}}$} This ...
9
votes
1answer
302 views

Wrong positioning of subscripts on bold math letters

I just noticed that for kpfonts and times (and probably other fonts since it does not seem to be font-related), the subscripts on boldface letters like V are (I would say) wrong. Is there an ...