{vertical-alignment} is about aligning document elements vertically, e.g. using \raggedbottom or \flushbottom or adjusting the vertical position of several equation or table components. If your question is generally about (vertical) white space, use {spacing} instead.

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17
votes
2answers
575 views

The second column always appears lower than the first one in the multicol environment

I need to make a two column document (on a landscape format sheet), but the second column appears in a lower position than the first one. I wrote "always" in the title because it also happens when I ...
17
votes
2answers
15k views

\flushbottom vs \raggedbottom

I use \documentclass{book}. If I use \flushbottom, I get messages of the sort Underfull \vbox (badness 10000) has occurred while \output is active []. See question. These messages disappear when I ...
17
votes
2answers
24k views

How to move a paragraph to the bottom of the page (without vspace)

I am looking to move a text paragraph of a few lines (like a disclaimer) at the bottom of a 2 page document. Each time I do that, I need to adjust that specific paragraph with the \vspace function. ...
17
votes
4answers
2k views

Is there a vertical equivalent for \rlap?

I'm looking for some sort of vertical equivalent for \rlap, which can be used to typeset maybe one or more paragraphs (or minipages), but do not advance vertically the content that would appear ...
17
votes
2answers
8k views

Vertically center text and image in one line

I need to place an icon and text behind each other on one line. The icon is higher than a single text line, and would like to have the icon and text center aligned. How do I do that?
17
votes
1answer
14k views

p,m and b columns in tables

I wonder why p columns are aligned at the bottom and b columns aligned at the top? created with this code: \begin{tabular}{|p{0.3\linewidth}|m{0.3\linewidth}|b{0.3\linewidth}|} \hline \centering ...
17
votes
1answer
2k views

Underline at the same level

I want to underline alpha's and beta's, but at the same level. I mean, I don't want but . Maybe there is already a command that make it but I couldn't find it. The second image was obtained with the ...
17
votes
3answers
25k views

Problem with Table Vertical Alignment

I want a table whose first column is aligned top, second column is aligned middle, and third column is aligned bottom; like this: I wrote the following code: \documentclass{article} ...
16
votes
2answers
4k views

How do I force TeX to completely use the 1st column?

How do I force TeX to completely use the 1st column before writing to the second column? Right now I dont have enough content to fill one whole page. So the left and right columns are equally filled, ...
16
votes
2answers
4k views

Aligning enumerate labels to top of image?

I asked a question a while ago about vertically aligning enumerate labels to the top of table. Now I am having the same problem, but with images. Since my problem was solved in my previous thread, I ...
16
votes
1answer
9k views

beamer reference list

I am using Beamer with biblatex. When I used the code below, it produced a bibliography which has three slides. But the references in the last slide are in the center rather than top. So the first ...
16
votes
5answers
24k views

Centering mutirow text in a table whose cells contain several lines of text

I'd appreciate advise in centering a multirow text. In the MWE below the multirow text "spring" is NOT centered over the three rows that it spans. ...
16
votes
3answers
7k views

Vertically align subfloats at the top while having subcaptions vertically aligned below the subfloats

I have a float with two subfloats: I want the circles to be vertically aligned from their top such as in the following figure. But I don't want the subcaptions to be placed above the subfloats but ...
16
votes
2answers
22k views

Include centered full page figure with no margins

I have a big figure that takes up a full page. I'd like to include it in my latex document on a separate page, centered horizontally and vertically. I managed to put it on a separate page (or it is ...
16
votes
1answer
2k views

Align marginpar with beginning of paragraph

Is there a way to align a marginpar with the beginning of a paragraph, without cluttering the text of the paragraph? If I do the following, the marginpar lines up with the last line of the first ...
16
votes
1answer
2k views

Vertical position of punctuation following fractions in display-style equations

Assuming that one wants punctuation in equations, what is the best way to adjusting the vertical position of the punctuation if it follows a fraction? I am using Palatino and Euler here (which I ...
15
votes
4answers
18k views

Placing Subfigures vertically

I want to use subfigures to place three figures like this: The following is the code I used: \begin{figure} \begin{tabular}{|c|c|} \hline \multirow{2}{*}{ ...
15
votes
2answers
788 views

How to center a typewriter (ttfamily) '+'

I would like to draw a circular TikZ node with + in its center, but font=\ttfamily moves it up. Why? How to solve it? \documentclass[border=3mm]{standalone} \usepackage{tikz} \begin{document} ...
15
votes
2answers
5k views

How to make an exact vertically centered object in a page?

Note: the red lines have the same length. \documentclass{minimal} \usepackage[showframe,paperwidth=4cm,paperheight=4cm,margin=1cm]{geometry} \begin{document} % \vspace*{\fill}% \fbox{test}% ...
15
votes
2answers
2k views

Custom pagebreak in align equation

I got the following problem: Right now I am checking my equations, which are usually written in align. This looks great in most of the cases, but sometimes the pagebreaks are weird, ie there is a lot ...
15
votes
1answer
5k views

Adjusting vertical alignment of underbraces

Is there a way to align multiple underbraces so that they sit on the same horizontal line? For example, the following code \[ \biggl( \underbrace{0,1}_{A}, \underbrace{\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{3}}_{B} ...
15
votes
1answer
3k views

Why does \vspace*{0pt} add vertical space?

I'm trying to format the title of the table of contents using the tocloft package. It inserts code that looks like the following. \par \vspace*{\cftbeforetoctitleskip}% % code to typeset ...
15
votes
2answers
621 views

Optional ornament

For chapters that end with a mostly empty page, I'd like to insert some form of ornament. The ornament should not be inserted if there is not enough room in the page. Is there some way of testing ...
14
votes
6answers
2k views

How to stack boxes like a vertical version of \mbox?

I would like a vertical equivalent to \mbox{} that somehow takes a sequence of boxes and stacks them on top of each other. I'd like the resulting width to be the width of the widest box, and I'd like ...
14
votes
5answers
1k views

Alignment in inline math

I want to enclose a tabular environment with a bracket, inside an enumerate environment, and be aligned to top. In the following example: \documentclass[a4paper]{article} \begin{document} ...
14
votes
1answer
23k views

Align text in minipage at same height

I need to put some text at the same height in my page, and I'm trying to do it with a minipage, but I'm not able to do it since they get centre-aligned. This is the LaTeX for the figure I've ...
14
votes
1answer
9k views

Beamer background image centered

I'm trying to use an image as a background for Beamer presentation according to this post. However, I do not want the image spanning the entire background. Thus, I'm doing something like: ...
14
votes
2answers
374 views

Place a $\star$ over a letter as an accent

I want to create a stylized version of the i where the dot has been replaced by a $\star$. I know how to stackrel, but that's about the only thing I know about stacking things on top of eachother.
14
votes
2answers
536 views

Depth of the \times symbol

I just noticed an annoying discrepancy involving the \times symbol's depth. Read the below code and then try to guess what it should look like: \documentclass{article} \begin{document} \fbox{$A$} ...
14
votes
1answer
6k views

Understanding titletoc example (and vertical alignment on line)

EDIT: TLDR summary (as I wrote in comments): What I want from this question (and couple of others referenced herein) is: -- section number (label) to be top-aligned with the title + AND I want the ...
14
votes
4answers
3k views

In beamer class, how do I remove the additional vertical space before an itemize environment?

On a beamer slide, I want to produce something like I use the following LaTeX code, which works well in LaTeX with the article class. \begin{minipage}[t]{1.4cm} Questions: \end{minipage}\nobreak ...
14
votes
1answer
6k views

Strange space left above wrapfig figures

I'm using wrapfig to put a small figure at the start of each paragraph. For the first paragraph of the page, this lines up neatly with the top of the text. But for subsequent paragraphs, the figure ...
14
votes
2answers
720 views

Vertically aligning minipages, subfigures, and subtables (not with baseline)

The goal My goal is to align side-by-side figures, tables, and text in minipages according to the top, middle and bottom of the largest such minipage. This makes it different (I believe) from the ...
14
votes
1answer
21k views

Vertical alignment in 'tabular'

I have a problem with vertically aligning content in a tabular environment: \documentclass{article} \begin{document} \begin{tabular}{ p{2em} p{2em} } test & \begin{tabular}{l} s s s \\ s s s ...
14
votes
1answer
477 views

Use of \@texttop and \@textbottom for vertical positioning

There are two macros defined in the LaTeX kernel named \@texttop and its opposite \@textbottom. The first is a bit of a mystery command in that in the source it is let to \relax. There is a note that ...
14
votes
3answers
6k views

How to vertically align headers/footers in fancyhdr package?

I'm using fancyhdrpackage for headings and footers. I have defined left-header as a big image, and I want to vertically align (to the top or to the center, the default is to the bottom) the text from ...
13
votes
3answers
31k views

How to vertically align 3 images with subfigure?

This code: \begin{figure*}[t] \begin{center} \begin{subfigure}[a]{0.3\textwidth} \label{im:device_front} \includegraphics[width=\textwidth]{images/bsn_side} ...
13
votes
1answer
24k views

underfull \vbox

What do the following messages mean? LaTeX Font Info: Try loading font information for U+msa on input line 205. ("C:\Program Files (x86)\MiKTeX 2.8\tex\latex\amsfonts\umsa.fd" File: umsa.fd ...
13
votes
3answers
16k views

How to vertically center text with an image in the same row of a table

I want to create a table with multiple rows of the following form: a cell that contains text and then multiple cells that contain images. The text should be vertically centered and the contents of ...
13
votes
4answers
5k views

Spread bullet points across block in slide using beamer

I'm using beamer to create some slides for a presentation. I've got a block containing a bulleted list. The list only has three items, and all three items are bunched up in a small block at the top of ...
13
votes
3answers
275 views

In the equation environment, how do I align an equation, AND an image AND the equation number?

I am trying to add an image adjacent to an equation in the equation environment. When I use the code below, the equation and the image are aligned but the equation number jumps to the next line. If I ...
13
votes
2answers
7k views

Equations inside enumerate aligned on item's number

If I type \begin{enumerate} \item \begin{align*} eqn 1 eqn 2 \end{align*} \end{enumerate} the label will appear on the first lines and the equations will ...
13
votes
1answer
919 views

How to vertically center the \vdots in this node?

I'd like the \vdots in this chain to have the same distance to both of the arrows. I know that I could manually shift the node so that it looks right, but there must be a better solution. How? ...
13
votes
4answers
861 views

Position margin notes relative to left margin in plain TeX

I want to add margin notes in the Tufte style to my Plain TeX document. (I'm using eplain, if that matters.) I know that if I were using LaTeX I could just use tufte-latex, but as a thorough ...
13
votes
4answers
4k views

Vertical double asterisk that aligns well with the double dagger

The LaTeX text footnote symbol sequence begins with ∗ † ‡ § ¶ ∥. I'd like to define a vertical double asterisk ⁑ (\textastdbl) so that I can insert it into the sequence: * ⁑ † ‡ § ¶ ∥ (note: actual ...
13
votes
2answers
7k views

Two figures side-by-side with inequal height and aligned captions

I have an addition to this question: Two figures side by side. Suppose we have two pictures, making them of uneven height. I am looking for a way to not use subfig and align two figures side-by-side, ...
13
votes
3answers
17k views

Alignment of \includegraphics in a tabular

When putting a graphics inside a table, the text at the right is too much at the bottom Minimum example : \documentclass{article}[12pt] \usepackage{graphicx} % This is already loaded by the ...
13
votes
1answer
5k views

Consistent vertical spacing with tabu

In the following table I get some vertical space after the rows whose content is short but not after the row having a cell with long content. The problem is that I want to generate the report from ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I set the vertical margin of my chapter headings?

I currently don't like the typesetting of a document. In my two sided document, I want that the chapter headings not have a vertical space before their appearance. The text on the second page should ...
13
votes
2answers
16k views

Align minipage to baseline of first or last line inside minipage?

The minipage environment has options for making the top, bottom, or center of the minipage box line up with the baseline of the surrounding text. Is there a way to make it line up to the baseline of ...