{vertical-alignment} is about aligning document elements vertically, e.g. using \raggedbottom or \flushbottom or adjusting the vertical position of several equation or table components. If your question is generally about (vertical) white space, use {spacing} instead.

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15
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1answer
2k views

Align marginpar with beginning of paragraph

Is there a way to align a marginpar with the beginning of a paragraph, without cluttering the text of the paragraph? If I do the following, the marginpar lines up with the last line of the first ...
14
votes
6answers
1k views

How to stack boxes like a vertical version of \mbox?

I would like a vertical equivalent to \mbox{} that somehow takes a sequence of boxes and stacks them on top of each other. I'd like the resulting width to be the width of the widest box, and I'd like ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I force TeX to completely use the 1st column?

How do I force TeX to completely use the 1st column before writing to the second column? Right now I dont have enough content to fill one whole page. So the left and right columns are equally filled, ...
14
votes
2answers
512 views

Depth of the \times symbol

I just noticed an annoying discrepancy involving the \times symbol's depth. Read the below code and then try to guess what it should look like: \documentclass{article} \begin{document} \fbox{$A$} ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

Aligning enumerate labels to top of image?

I asked a question a while ago about vertically aligning enumerate labels to the top of table. Now I am having the same problem, but with images. Since my problem was solved in my previous thread, I ...
14
votes
3answers
5k views

Vertically align subfloats at the top while having subcaptions vertically aligned below the subfloats

I have a float with two subfloats: I want the circles to be vertically aligned from their top such as in the following figure. But I don't want the subcaptions to be placed above the subfloats but ...
14
votes
1answer
2k views

Why does \vspace*{0pt} add vertical space?

I'm trying to format the title of the table of contents using the tocloft package. It inserts code that looks like the following. \par \vspace*{\cftbeforetoctitleskip}% % code to typeset ...
14
votes
2answers
587 views

Optional ornament

For chapters that end with a mostly empty page, I'd like to insert some form of ornament. The ornament should not be inserted if there is not enough room in the page. Is there some way of testing ...
13
votes
5answers
717 views

Alignment in inline math

I want to enclose a tabular environment with a bracket, inside an enumerate environment, and be aligned to top. In the following example: \documentclass[a4paper]{article} \begin{document} ...
13
votes
2answers
9k views

\flushbottom vs \raggedbottom

I use \documentclass{book}. If I use \flushbottom, I get messages of the sort Underfull \vbox (badness 10000) has occurred while \output is active []. See question. These messages disappear when I ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

How to vertically align underbraces

I am trying to balance underbraces in the equation below, how can I ensure that both underbraces at the same depth? \begin{equation} y = \underbrace{ \left [ x^2 + r^2 (a^2+\frac{a^{0.3}}{b}) ...
13
votes
1answer
7k views

p,m and b columns in tables

I wonder why p columns are aligned at the bottom and b columns aligned at the top? created with this code: \begin{tabular}{|p{0.3\linewidth}|m{0.3\linewidth}|b{0.3\linewidth}|} \hline \centering ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

Equations inside enumerate aligned on item's number

If I type \begin{enumerate} \item \begin{align*} eqn 1 eqn 2 \end{align*} \end{enumerate} the label will appear on the first lines and the equations will ...
13
votes
4answers
2k views

In beamer class, how do I remove the additional vertical space before an itemize environment?

On a beamer slide, I want to produce something like I use the following LaTeX code, which works well in LaTeX with the article class. \begin{minipage}[t]{1.4cm} Questions: \end{minipage}\nobreak ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I set the vertical margin of my chapter headings?

I currently don't like the typesetting of a document. In my two sided document, I want that the chapter headings not have a vertical space before their appearance. The text on the second page should ...
12
votes
5answers
5k views

How to make a tikz node, top-aligned with the rest of the text?

If I write before-text \begin{minipage}[t]{5cm} line1\\line2\\line3\\ \end{minipage} after-text I get a box, whose top is aligned to the top of "before text". I would like to have the same, when ...
12
votes
4answers
3k views

Spread bullet points across block in slide using beamer

I'm using beamer to create some slides for a presentation. I've got a block containing a bulleted list. The list only has three items, and all three items are bunched up in a small block at the top of ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

Aligning an enumeration item to the top of a tikzpicture

I've drawn a tree using pgf/tikz and am trying to place it in an enumerated list. A snippet of my complete code is as follows: \subsection*{Problem 2} \begin{enumerate}[1)] \item Max heap \item ...
12
votes
2answers
514 views

Inconsistent behavior of boxes in amsmath's `gather`.

Recently I was working on a package (ytableau) and had a strange experience with the gather environment in amsmath. Namely, it screws with \vtop and, seemingly, with boxes that I reserve before ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

Vertical double asterisk that aligns well with the double dagger

The LaTeX text footnote symbol sequence begins with ∗ † ‡ § ¶ ∥. I'd like to define a vertical double asterisk ⁑ (\textastdbl) so that I can insert it into the sequence: * ⁑ † ‡ § ¶ ∥ (note: actual ...
12
votes
1answer
222 views

Why is the \underbrace off the line?

I have the following problem with \underbrace: As you can see, the third underbrace and its comment are not in the line with the first two. Here is my code: \documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{article} ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

\addvspace can't replace \vspace

I want to replace \vspace with \addvspace in a command. When so doing, I get obtuse "something's wrong--perhaps a missing \item." errors. I'd appreciate an explanation of why this happens and how ...
12
votes
1answer
90 views

Tight connection of \vbox es

I don't understand why TeX put a thin whitespace between my two vertical boxes: \documentclass{article} \begin{document} \vbox to 1cm {\rule{1cm}{1cm}} \vbox to 1cm {\rule{1cm}{1cm}} ...
12
votes
1answer
411 views

Use of \@texttop and \@textbottom for vertical positioning

There are two macros defined in the LaTeX kernel named \@texttop and its opposite \@textbottom. The first is a bit of a mystery command in that in the source it is let to \relax. There is a note that ...
12
votes
3answers
17k views

Problem with Table Vertical Alignment

I want a table whose first column is aligned top, second column is aligned middle, and third column is aligned bottom; like this: I wrote the following code: \documentclass{article} ...
11
votes
4answers
1k views

How to vertically center a content spanning multiple rows without using nested tables?

I don't want to use nested tables. My current code produces the following result. And I want to get the following output. And the minimal working example: \documentclass{article} ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

How to correctly shrink the bullets of itemize

How can I shrink the bullets of itemize without change its positioning and the centering versus the items? My code below show that behaviour in fact the two item underneath have a bullet shifted down ...
11
votes
2answers
366 views

\pagebreak[number] only breaks with number = 4

I wanted to try out encouraging of pagebreak using \pagebreak[number]. As far for now it only breaks the page when I define \pagebreak[4] and only then (it won't work on any other circumstances). ...
11
votes
1answer
7k views

Beamer background image centered

I'm trying to use an image as a background for Beamer presentation according to this post. However, I do not want the image spanning the entire background. Thus, I'm doing something like: ...
11
votes
2answers
20k views

Vertical alignment in tabular cells with variable height

I have the code: \documentclass{article} \usepackage[a4paper]{geometry} \usepackage{tabularx} \usepackage{lipsum} \begin{document} \begin{tabularx}{\textwidth}{ | X | c | } \hline \lipsum[1] ...
11
votes
1answer
331 views

Consistent cover design regardless of inner pages

This is a series of books, the margins, page sizes are all identical. Depends on the content, the design of inner pages are slightly different, i.e. different type sizes, leading, etc. The question ...
11
votes
4answers
605 views

Position margin notes relative to left margin in plain TeX

I want to add margin notes in the Tufte style to my Plain TeX document. (I'm using eplain, if that matters.) I know that if I were using LaTeX I could just use tufte-latex, but as a thorough ...
11
votes
2answers
10k views

Table rowspan and colspan

I need to create similar table using LaTeX: I have tried to use \tabular and \multicolumn, but every time I get something wrong. I want: Fixed width columns and fixed height rows; Centered cells ...
11
votes
2answers
454 views

Center and yet align figures on opposite pages

This is an extension of the question "How to ensure that 2 couples of figures are on 2 facing pages?". I not only want to ensure that the figures are on facing pages but also that the one with the ...
11
votes
2answers
632 views

Custom pagebreak in align equation

I got the following problem: Right now I am checking my equations, which are usually written in align. This looks great in most of the cases, but sometimes the pagebreaks are weird, ie there is a lot ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

How to align picture top left in a table?

is there a way to create a table with 2 columns, in the left column should be some text, in the right column should be a picture. The problem is - to align both to the left, top corner. The image ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

Consistent vertical spacing with tabu

In the following table I get some vertical space after the rows whose content is short but not after the row having a cell with long content. The problem is that I want to generate the report from ...
11
votes
1answer
229 views

Alignment rules

I find myself quite frequently in the need to check whether some elements on my page are aligned exactly as intended. As a result, I usually end up magnifying the output 400% and using a rule over my ...
11
votes
2answers
12k views

Align minipage to baseline of first or last line inside minipage?

The minipage environment has options for making the top, bottom, or center of the minipage box line up with the baseline of the surrounding text. Is there a way to make it line up to the baseline of ...
11
votes
3answers
30k views

vertically align text in table in LaTeX

Probably a straightforward problem. Why is the final column not center aligned vertically? Here is the code I'm using: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{array} \begin{document} ...
11
votes
1answer
13k views

Vertical alignment in 'tabular'

I have a problem with vertically aligning content in a tabular environment: \documentclass{article} \begin{document} \begin{tabular}{ p{2em} p{2em} } test & \begin{tabular}{l} s s s \\ s s s ...
11
votes
1answer
7k views

How to center vertically content of the table?

I have this table: \usepackage{array} \newcolumntype{x}[1]{>{\centering\arraybackslash\hspace{0pt}}p{#1}} \begin{table}[ht]\footnotesize \centering \begin{tabular*}{0.95\textwidth ...
11
votes
3answers
4k views

How to vertically align headers/footers in fancyhdr package?

I'm using fancyhdrpackage for headings and footers. I have defined left-header as a big image, and I want to vertically align (to the top or to the center, the default is to the bottom) the text from ...
11
votes
1answer
545 views

Two-column layout with thick vertical rule in ConTeXt

Background I would like to add a thick rule centered between two columns. Example Code A minimum working example that illustrates the issue: \setupcolors[state=start] ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

Line up captions on side by side figures

I want to place two (or more) figures with side by side. The figures are independent, so need separate captions, with no overall caption for the two. I know how to do this with minipages within a ...
10
votes
4answers
3k views

Vertically centered horizontal rule filling the rest of a line?

I'd like to have a horizontal line extending from the end of the text on a line to the right margin. So far I've found \hrulefill and \leaders\hrule\hfill, but these draw a line that's flush with the ...
10
votes
1answer
15k views

underfull \vbox

What do the following messages mean? LaTeX Font Info: Try loading font information for U+msa on input line 205. ("C:\Program Files (x86)\MiKTeX 2.8\tex\latex\amsfonts\umsa.fd" File: umsa.fd ...
10
votes
3answers
257 views

Aligning cases conditions from multiple nesting levels

\begin{dmath*} y_{ic}[n] = \begin{dcases} y_0 + x_0 - x_0 (1 - k_2)^n & k_1 = 0 \\ k_5 + \left( y_0 - k_5 \right) (1 - k_1)^n + \begin{dcases} ...
10
votes
4answers
208 views

Vertical alignment of degree unit and other elements in table

I am trying to improve the appearance of the below table such that: The set union symbols \cup align vertically with the commas from the 2nd and last rows The middle column angle values are still ...
10
votes
4answers
205 views

putting two indices and exponents side to side

I did not find the answer to my following question on the web. I apologize in advance if this question has already been answered somewhere. I would like to write a matrix with the two subscripts and ...