{vertical-alignment} is about aligning document elements vertically, e.g. using \raggedbottom or \flushbottom or adjusting the vertical position of several equation or table components. If your question is generally about (vertical) white space, use {spacing} instead.

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13
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3answers
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Alignment of \includegraphics in a tabular

When putting a graphics inside a table, the text at the right is too much at the bottom Minimum example : \documentclass{article}[12pt] \usepackage{graphicx} % This is already loaded by the ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I set the vertical margin of my chapter headings?

I currently don't like the typesetting of a document. In my two sided document, I want that the chapter headings not have a vertical space before their appearance. The text on the second page should ...
13
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4answers
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\qed or \qedhere at the end of split environment

While I was trying to improve my latest document with respect to its \qed symbols at the end of amsthm's proof environment i came across an interesting point. Assume the proof ends with some formula, ...
12
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4answers
465 views

How do diacritical marks impact centering and overshooting?

I am creating a table containing several foreign names with diacritical marks in them, and it seems to me that they ruin the vertical alignment, as they are too close to the top horizontal line. How ...
12
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4answers
3k views

Aligning an enumeration item to the top of a tikzpicture

I've drawn a tree using pgf/tikz and am trying to place it in an enumerated list. A snippet of my complete code is as follows: \subsection*{Problem 2} \begin{enumerate}[1)] \item Max heap \item \...
12
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2answers
644 views

\pagebreak[number] only breaks with number = 4

I wanted to try out encouraging of pagebreak using \pagebreak[number]. As far for now it only breaks the page when I define \pagebreak[4] and only then (it won't work on any other circumstances). ...
12
votes
2answers
6k views

How to level columns in bibliography?

I have been writing a scientific paper il Latex for an IEEE conference. The paper style is in 2 columns, and the last page of the paper contains a part of bibliography references. These last ...
12
votes
3answers
24k views

Tabular, parbox, vertical alignment

What i want to achieve is really simple: I want to be able to align cell content at the top (which is the default behavior of tabular) while being able to manually break lines (and anything you could ...
12
votes
2answers
579 views

Inconsistent behavior of boxes in amsmath's `gather`.

Recently I was working on a package (ytableau) and had a strange experience with the gather environment in amsmath. Namely, it screws with \vtop and, seemingly, with boxes that I reserve before ...
12
votes
1answer
12k views

Vertical alignment of subfigures with different subcaptions length

I would like to vertically align 3 subfigures (same size), but I don't manage to do so if the subcaptions have different lengths, like here: This is the code that generated the image: \...
12
votes
1answer
364 views

Consistent cover design regardless of inner pages

This is a series of books, the margins, page sizes are all identical. Depends on the content, the design of inner pages are slightly different, i.e. different type sizes, leading, etc. The question ...
12
votes
2answers
556 views

Center and yet align figures on opposite pages

This is an extension of the question "How to ensure that 2 couples of figures are on 2 facing pages?". I not only want to ensure that the figures are on facing pages but also that the one with the ...
12
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2answers
1k views

Vertically misaligned margin note

I'm trying to use a \marginnote along with a specified \parskip. However, I'm having an alignment issue. With the code in the group with the \parskip the margin note is misaligned with the text on the ...
12
votes
1answer
402 views

Why is the \underbrace off the line?

I have the following problem with \underbrace: As you can see, the third underbrace and its comment are not in the line with the first two. Here is my code: \documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{article} \...
12
votes
2answers
831 views

equation, equation number and itemize bullet all on the same line

I think the following sample says it all. I need to get the item bullet in the right place on the same line as the equation, and have this followed by an normal equation number. Someone asked the ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

\addvspace can't replace \vspace

I want to replace \vspace with \addvspace in a command. When so doing, I get obtuse "something's wrong--perhaps a missing \item." errors. I'd appreciate an explanation of why this happens and how ...
12
votes
3answers
4k views

How can I save the bounding box of a TikZpicture and use in other TikZpicture

I need 2 different TikZpictures with the same bounding box (the one of the first TikZpicture) because I need a perfect vertical alignment of the subfigures side by side. Please, how can I handle this?...
12
votes
1answer
19k views

Vertical Alignment in multirow using cells with >1 lines

I want to vertically align (best would be to center) the text ("TEST") in the left (yellow) column of the following table. It works fine with multirow when every row has exactly the hight of one line: ...
12
votes
1answer
126 views

Tight connection of \vbox es

I don't understand why TeX put a thin whitespace between my two vertical boxes: \documentclass{article} \begin{document} \vbox to 1cm {\rule{1cm}{1cm}} \vbox to 1cm {\rule{1cm}{1cm}} \end{...
12
votes
1answer
803 views

Small text in table does not recalculate line spacing

I'm using tabu to create a table that has a couple multi-line cells (the m style). However, when I set the line spacing outside the table, it seems that the space between lines is not recalculated in ...
11
votes
4answers
5k views

Vertically centered horizontal rule filling the rest of a line?

I'd like to have a horizontal line extending from the end of the text on a line to the right margin. So far I've found \hrulefill and \leaders\hrule\hfill, but these draw a line that's flush with the ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

How to vertically center a content spanning multiple rows without using nested tables?

I don't want to use nested tables. My current code produces the following result. And I want to get the following output. And the minimal working example: \documentclass{article} \usepackage[...
11
votes
2answers
12k views

Derivatives: enter “evaluated at” vertical bar with multiple values as subscripts

Sorry for the long title, but how do I enter evaluated at (for a derivative), with multiple valuation criteria at the bottom of the the big | line? Thanks!
11
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2answers
15k views

tikzpicture alignment and centering

I have several very similar images except some have some extra graphics that enlarge them slightly. This causes some pictures to be offset and not aligned visually when it's clear they should be. How ...
11
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2answers
407 views

How to align a marginpar with a section title

I wish to have brief information in a marginpar (or other solution) that aligns with the corresponding section (not section*) heading. So far the margin information is above or below the section title....
11
votes
3answers
325 views

How to align the conditions in a hierarchical structure?

I know how to align the conditions on the left side of the conditions with either aligned, cases, or array if there is only one level. However, I can't figure out how to do so in a hierarchical ...
11
votes
2answers
532 views

Sideways text with rule as table label

I've been trying to achieve the following vertical sidebar effect in LaTeX for my resume, but turns out it's far more difficult than I thought (created easily in InDesign): I've tried everything ...
11
votes
1answer
4k views

Aligning a Tikz Picture in line with the surrounding Text

I'd like to align a Tikz Picture in line with the surrounding Text. Here is a MWE Example: \documentclass[a4paper,10pt]{article} \usepackage{tikz} \usetikzlibrary{arrows,chains,matrix,positioning,...
11
votes
2answers
3k views

How to align picture top left in a table?

is there a way to create a table with 2 columns, in the left column should be some text, in the right column should be a picture. The problem is - to align both to the left, top corner. The image ...
11
votes
1answer
290 views

Alignment rules

I find myself quite frequently in the need to check whether some elements on my page are aligned exactly as intended. As a result, I usually end up magnifying the output 400% and using a rule over my ...
11
votes
1answer
793 views

Two-column layout with thick vertical rule in ConTeXt

Background I would like to add a thick rule centered between two columns. Example Code A minimum working example that illustrates the issue: \setupcolors[state=start] \startuseMPgraphic{...
11
votes
1answer
7k views

How to center vertically content of the table?

I have this table: \usepackage{array} \newcolumntype{x}[1]{>{\centering\arraybackslash\hspace{0pt}}p{#1}} \begin{table}[ht]\footnotesize \centering \begin{tabular*}{0.95\textwidth }{@{\...
11
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2answers
5k views

How can I balance columns in the last page of a bibliography section?

I need to balance the heights of the last two columns of my ACM article that is typeset using sigplanconf.cls. This class file defines the following command: \newcommand{\balancecolumns}{% \vfill\...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

How to vertical align a text and an tikzpicture?

I am using a TikZ picture followed by a text. How do I create a picture that aligns with the top of the text? \begin{minipage}[t]{0.45\textwidth} \tikz[baseline=(current bounding box.north)] { \...
11
votes
3answers
4k views

Line up captions on side by side figures

I want to place two (or more) figures with side by side. The figures are independent, so need separate captions, with no overall caption for the two. I know how to do this with minipages within a ...
10
votes
4answers
10k views

Adding/subtracting vertical space in »letter« class

Is there a way to move the to-address up (or, respectively, the date down) in the »letter« document class? With the to-address on the left and date on the right, I wish for the vertical alignment of ...
10
votes
3answers
414 views

Aligning cases conditions from multiple nesting levels

\begin{dmath*} y_{ic}[n] = \begin{dcases} y_0 + x_0 - x_0 (1 - k_2)^n & k_1 = 0 \\ k_5 + \left( y_0 - k_5 \right) (1 - k_1)^n + \begin{dcases} ...
10
votes
4answers
271 views

putting two indices and exponents side to side

I did not find the answer to my following question on the web. I apologize in advance if this question has already been answered somewhere. I would like to write a matrix with the two subscripts and ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

Subscript vertical position dependent on presence of superscript - how to change? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Subscripts for primed variables If I have a variable which is always subscripted but only sometimes superscripted, the vertical position of the subscript varies. For ...
10
votes
4answers
291 views

Vertical alignment of degree unit and other elements in table

I am trying to improve the appearance of the below table such that: The set union symbols \cup align vertically with the commas from the 2nd and last rows The middle column angle values are still ...
10
votes
3answers
504 views

Cases environment without the brace

I want to vertically align one equation against two, similar to the cases environment but without the brace: e.g. similar environment to: There must be another solution to the alignment solution ...
10
votes
4answers
6k views

Aligning conditions in cases environment

I have a piecewise function with three "parts." I would like to have all three conditions aligned at the variable x. How do I achieve that? Here is the code I have so far: \[ f(x) = \begin{cases} ...
10
votes
3answers
858 views

Move tabular entry to bottom of row

How do I get the last column text to be at the bottom of the row? That is I want the XXX to be aligned with the line containing the arrow. I tried playing around with \multirow{3}{-3ex}{XXX}, but ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Vertical alignment of fonts of different sizes on same line

In XeTeX, if I have a line with two font sizes, how can I arrange to have the smaller font aligned to either the center or top of the line? e.g. \newfontinstance\biggoth[Color=000000,Scale=5.0]{...
10
votes
4answers
153 views

How can I align two boxes to the top right and top left of a surrounding box?

Assuming the following structure (auto-generated from another document), how should I define \csup and \csub to line the sup boxes to line up with the top of the neighbouring box, and the sub boxes to ...
10
votes
5answers
8k views

When I use [shrink], I lose vertical centering. How do I get my stuff shrunk and centered?

I am creating a beamer slide with a table on it. This table is too big with the normal font size, so I am using the shrink command to try to make it smaller. shrink is working, however it is ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Table: Can I shift a column by half the height of a row?

This question is best explained by giving the usecase: I have a table where I list some data and I would like to add a column to the right which gives the ratio of two adjacent rows. Now to make it ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Uneven text distribution with two-column layout

I am comfortable with creating basic LaTeX documents and making minor modifications to templates I can find online, but not much more. The Oxford Bioinformatics journal has an awesome template here ...
10
votes
4answers
633 views

Need help with making Logic Trees in qtree/tikz-qtree (i.e. aligning, numbering lines)

I would like to make something similar to the logic tree below. I've tried using tikz-qtree, but I can't figure out how to number every line in the tree. I did however find something else doable in ...
10
votes
4answers
232 views

A line of text with proper positioning but consuming no space?

Welcome to part 4 in a series of questions about me trying to improve my crazy layout! I'm using tabu to create a table with a central heading, and two small blocks of text on the left and right ...