{widows-orphans} is about dealing with (typographic) widows (isolated lines created when paragraphs end on the first line of a page) and orphans (created when paragraphs start on the last line of a page). If you use this tag, add the more general {page-breaking} tag.

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2
votes
1answer
355 views

Section headers not sticking with first paragraph

I'm seeing lots of section/subsection headers getting split up from their paragraphs across page and column boundaries. I've never seen this before, but I'm also using a class file that's new to me, ...
18
votes
2answers
1k views

Vertical spacing, pagination and ideal results

I found that the best way to avoid widows and orphans is setting penalties and using rubber lengths between paragraphs, for instance, \setlength{\parskip}{1pt plus 1pt minus 1pt}. When I shared this ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Heading at the bottom of the page

I'm typesetting a large document (phdthesis) with pdflatex and I'm using KOMAscriptand the scrreprtdocument class. I was very surprised as I saw a heading (\subsubsection) standing at the bottom of a ...
12
votes
3answers
393 views

Avoiding orphans at the start of quote/quotation environments

To me, orphans -- page breaks after the first line of a paragraph -- are tolerable in the normal text body, and so I leave TeX's default settings (\clubpenalty=150) alone. On the other hand, I want to ...
7
votes
1answer
955 views

Large gaps between paragaphs VS avoiding widows / orphans

How to avoid widow and orphan lines, while also avoiding too large gaps appearing between the paragraphs on the previous page? I figure that to strongly discourage widows and orphans, one would use a ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

How to avoid heading orphan?

I want to get rid of pages ending with a heading title only. I want at least 2 text rows following the heading title to make a better look. What is the exact value to be passed to \Needspace*{} to ...
2
votes
2answers
592 views

How to avoid orphan line of multipage tabular?

There is an orphan line on page 2. How to get rid of it? Minimal Code \documentclass{article} \usepackage[a4paper,margin=5cm,landscape]{geometry} \usepackage{longtable,array} ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

LaTeX produces bad, widowed line

I just found a widowed line in my PDF document, created by LaTeX. It looks something like this, see "sion" on the second page: | blah blah expres- | | 8 | --------------------- ...
44
votes
5answers
16k views

How do I prevent widow/orphan lines?

How do I prevent a line from appearing by itself: Orphan: at the bottom of the page, or Widow: at the top of the page?
25
votes
3answers
1k views

How to avoid widow lines after displayed equations

If a displayed equation is close to the bottom of the page, TeX likes to insert a page break even if the current paragraph contains only one more line after the equation, as e.g. in ... it follows ...
27
votes
2answers
2k views

Widow word on a page? I thought LaTeX wouldn't do that

Just had a surprise. I have a section in an article followed by a figure. The text flows over a page and ... one more word on the next page (which also includes the figure). Yes, I added a ~ before ...