{widows-orphans} is about dealing with (typographic) widows (isolated lines created when paragraphs end on the first line of a page) and orphans (created when paragraphs start on the last line of a page). If you use this tag, add the more general {page-breaking} tag.

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26
votes
2answers
2k views

Widow word on a page? I thought LaTeX wouldn't do that

Just had a surprise. I have a section in an article followed by a figure. The text flows over a page and ... one more word on the next page (which also includes the figure). Yes, I added a ~ before ...
23
votes
4answers
7k views

How do I prevent widow/orphan lines?

How do I prevent a line from appearing by itself: Orphan: at the bottom of the page, or Widow: at the top of the page?
7
votes
2answers
968 views

LaTeX produces bad, widowed line

I just found a widowed line in my PDF document, created by LaTeX. It looks something like this, see "sion" on the second page: | blah blah expres- | | 8 | --------------------- ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

How to avoid widows and orphans in ToC?

I want the chapter's author name being shown in the ToC. So I have modified the chapter to add the author there and use it in the page header as follows: \documentclass[10pt,twoside]{memoir} ...
41
votes
3answers
1k views

Why no vertical-mode Knuth-Plass?

I have only basic knowledge of the TeX internals, so I hope what I am saying here is not complete nonsense. If I understand correctly, in TeX, horizontal positioning / line breaking is done using a ...
7
votes
1answer
442 views

marginpar and orphans

How can I avoid orphan lines if I use \marginpar? For example, here is a two-page document that does not have any orphans: \documentclass[letterpaper]{article} \usepackage{lipsum} \clubpenalty=10000 ...
24
votes
3answers
859 views

How to avoid widow lines after displayed equations

If a displayed equation is close to the bottom of the page, TeX likes to insert a page break even if the current paragraph contains only one more line after the equation, as e.g. in ... it follows ...
18
votes
2answers
1k views

Vertical spacing, pagination and ideal results

I found that the best way to avoid widows and orphans is setting penalties and using rubber lengths between paragraphs, for instance, \setlength{\parskip}{1pt plus 1pt minus 1pt}. When I shared this ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Heading at the bottom of the page

I'm typesetting a large document (phdthesis) with pdflatex and I'm using KOMAscriptand the scrreprtdocument class. I was very surprised as I saw a heading (\subsubsection) standing at the bottom of a ...
5
votes
1answer
262 views

Can I set an adjustable line spacing to avoid orphans and widows?

I have a relatively simple question. I'm compiling a large document and finding that I have a lot of pages that start with the last two lines of a paragraph. Is there a way to allow the line-spacing ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

How to prevent page break in the last three lines of an environment?

I want to create an environment, thats content should not allowed a page break in the last three lines of the last paragraph. If the last three lines of the text inside the environment reach the ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

How to avoid heading orphan?

I want to get rid of pages ending with a heading title only. I want at least 2 text rows following the heading title to make a better look. What is the exact value to be passed to \Needspace*{} to ...