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12

I don't know why Knuth designed the ß as it is in the cm-fonts. I don't quite remember why Jörg Knappen changed the look of the ß in the ec-fonts, but I do remember that there was some quite heated discussions about the choice. If you don't like both ß there is no much you can do (apart from redesigning the glyph yourself). But as the cm-super fonts ...

9

What you are complaining about is the "ß" of the dc fonts created by Jörg Knappen, the first 8 bit extension of the original 7 bit Computer Modern fonts. This was digitized in the cm-super fonts (see Latin Modern vs cm-super?). This new ß was disliked a lot when Jörg created the dc fonts (which later became the ec fonts). The ß as designed by Knuth (and ...

20

The glyph makes much more sense visually when seen as a ligature of long s and round s, one of the two traditional forms of the ß (the other, of course, being long s and z). Here's a comparison, using outlines from cm-unicode, version 0.6.3a: Here I've used f as a reference for the first part of the ligature, since I couldn't find a long s in cm-unicode. ...

12

I can't do anything about the font you are using but would recommend to use the lmodern fonts, a modernised variant of the Computer Modern fonts. \documentclass{minimal} \usepackage{lmodern} \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} \begin{document} \begin{center} Große Straße ließen gießen maßen heißt Spaß Fuß Maß Gruß reißend \end{center} ...

26

It is for the Polish ł and Ł (l and L with stroke). Plain TeX contains \def\l{\char32l}. And LaTeX (OT1enc.def) defines \DeclareTextCommand{\l}{OT1} {\hmode@bgroup\@xxxii l\egroup} where \@xxxii stands for char32. \documentclass{article} \begin{document} \char32l \l \end{document}

22

From plain.tex: 663 \def\l{\char32l} 664 \def\L{\leavevmode\setbox0\hbox{L}\hbox to\wd0{\hss\char32L}} The glyph is used just for the Polish “suppressed l”. The support for Polish in Computer Modern is not complete, as the ogonek is missing, but, apparently, Knuth didn't need to typeset Polish names sporting the ogonek.

9

in 1947, the ams bulletin was typeset by the george banta printing company, menasha, wisconsin. they were one of a handful of compositors specializing in technical composition of very high quality. they would have used monotype machines, that being the only system in existence at that time that was capable of such work with relatively little additional ...

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