I am new to LaTeX and I am having problems with my bibliography.

What I want : I am writing my thesis and I want to have Harvard style citation and bibliography. (http://libweb.anglia.ac.uk/referencing/harvard.htm)

Attempt 1 : documentclass is 'report'. In my main document, I added


\bibitem{Knuth92} D.E. Knuth, \emph{Two notes on notation}, Amer.
Math. Monthly \textbf{99} (1992), 403--422.




I could write the bibitem anyway I want and it comes out as I wrote it. But the citation is [#ID#] and not (Author, Year). Also, it is tedious to write up all the bibliography entries according to the type of the source because I am expecting nearly 75+ sources.

Attempt 2 : I searched the inet, and created a modular document - a separate bib file with

author = "First Name, Second Name and Third Name",
title = "Title",
booktitle = "Title of book",
year = "YYYY",

editor = "Editor",
volume/number = "Volume 1",
number = "Number 1",
series = "Series 1",
pages = "Pages 1 - 10",
address = "Address",
month = "Month",
publisher = "Publisher",
organization = "Organisation",
note = "Additional note",

and no preamble in the .bib file.

And, used natbib like


no sucess (not getting the output like the way I wanted it tobe.

So, used bibtex like

\addbibresource{<your-bib-file.bib>} % note the .bib is required

Compiled for more than ten times successively as I read in the Wikibook, but still get some errors.

error for biblatex

package biblatex error : file Report.bbl not created by biblatex \begin{document}

error for natbib

package natbib error : bibliography not compatiable with author year citations ....

MY QUERY : Can you please help me get it right?


1 Answer 1


In this example I used \parencite{key} to put some parenthesis around the in text citation.





Some text to cite here \parencite[23]{Lin1973}. 
Another text to cite here \parencite[123]{Goedel1930}.



% This file was created with JabRef 2.9.2.
% Encoding: UTF8    

  title = {Die Vollständigkeit der Axiome des logischen Funktionenkalküls},
  publisher = {Monatshefte für Mathematik und Physik},
  year = {1930},
  author = {Kurt Gödel},
  address = {Wien}

  author = {Shen Lin and Brian W. Kernighan},
  title = {An Effective Heuristic Algorithm for the Travelling-Salesman Problem},
  journal = {Operations Research},
  year = {1973},
  volume = {21},
  pages = {498--516}

My Workflow:

pdflatex mythesis
biber mythesis
pdflatex mythesis
pdflatex mythesis

To edit your .bib file I would recommend you a reference manager like JabRef.

Make sure your files are encoded in UTF8.

  • I need to add that authoryear is not 100% compatible to the style you linked to but in my opinion it's really close to it.
    – Oliver
    Mar 9, 2013 at 12:18
  • Still no sucess. My thoughts go into creating a new bib style for this effect using the custom-bib tool. Tried once, didnt turn out well. Trying again and again to get it right. I am also trying other methods when I get time. And will post a result when I am satisfied with what I get because I know there are people looking for this ( at least from my Uni. ) So, untill then, I will keep this question open.
    – newbie
    May 14, 2013 at 14:55
  • Did you have any luck creating the biblatex file you seek?
    – wierts
    Jul 9, 2013 at 11:27

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