What is the best way to change the amount of vertical space between items in list environments (globally or locally)?

4 Answers 4


The easiest way to do this is to use the enumitem package.

\usepackage{lipsum} % for dummy text
\setlist{nosep} % or \setlist{noitemsep} to leave space around whole list

\item foo
\item bar

The enumitem package also allows you to set the list spacing for a particular type or level of list, or for any particular individual list:

\setlist[2]{noitemsep} % sets the itemsep and parsep for all level two lists to 0
\setenumerate{noitemsep} % sets no itemsep for enumerate lists only
\begin{enumerate}[noitemsep] % sets no itemsep for just this list

The nosep parameter removes all vertical spacing within and around the list; the noitemsep parameter removes spacing from items but leaves space around the whole list.

You can also set any of the spacing parameters to exact values, either globally (using \setlist) or locally, using the optional argument [...] after the beginning of the environment:

\begin{itemize}[topsep=8pt,itemsep=4pt,partopsep=4pt, parsep=4pt]
\item Some text
\item Some text

To see how all of these parameters work, see the following question:

The package also allows complete control over all other aspects of the list formatting too.

  • 45
    This is probably the best package for the job. It accepts key value arguments so you could say \begin{enumerate}[itemsep=1pt, topsep=12pt, partopsep=0pt] etc, maybe you should expand a bit in your answer.
    – yannisl
    Commented Feb 9, 2011 at 16:01
  • 1
    @Yiannis The question did ask for a global change. But I've added some other examples along the lines of what you suggest. Thanks.
    – Alan Munn
    Commented Feb 9, 2011 at 16:11
  • 2
    Without using this package I can specify the type of item numbering as an optional parameter, e.g. \begin{itemize}[(i)]. How do I do this while using enumitem? Right now I get an error: missing endcsname.
    – Will
    Commented May 23, 2012 at 4:00
  • 3
    @Will The syntax you suggest is that of the enumerate package. You can emulate that package with enumitem by loading it with the [shortlabels] option (i.e. \usepackage[shortlabels]{enumitem}) But the recommended way is to use the label key: \begin{enumerate}[label={(\roman*)}]. See the enumitem documentation for more information.
    – Alan Munn
    Commented May 23, 2012 at 4:06
  • 1
    @CGFoX You can use \setlist in the preamble to set any parameters globally for all lists of a particular type or particular levels of all lists.
    – Alan Munn
    Commented Sep 21, 2021 at 20:18

the least demanding way to do it (no further packages or whatsoever needed) is to define your own environment like this ...

{ \begin{itemize}
    \setlength{\parsep}{0pt}     }
{ \end{itemize}                  } 

... and use it like this ...

  \item one 
  \item two 
  \item three 
  • 5
    This works nicely with the moderncv package. (unlike the enumitem solution, where distances are changed even by just loading the package)
    – srs
    Commented May 18, 2016 at 15:30
  • Doesn't work for me :/
    – leonheess
    Commented Dec 30, 2019 at 19:01
  • 3
    @leonheess you may have to add \setlength{\baselineskip}{0pt} to the list of modified lengths from @petermeissner. That worked for me. To my understanding, keeping it inside the itemize environment makes sure this lenght is modified only locally, and not in the whole document. Commented Aug 16, 2022 at 4:48

You can use paralist package and use any of its 'compact' lists (compactitem, compactenum, compactdesc).

    Regular itemize
       \item First
       \item Second
       \item Third

        \item First
        \item Second
        \item Third

enter image description here

  • 1
    How do I do the same with enumerate? Is this also included in paralist? EDIT: belive it might be compactenum as mentioned by Herbert
    – Cutton Eye
    Commented Mar 18, 2018 at 11:54

Load package paralist and set


or load package enumitem and \setlist{nosep}

  • For me enumitem didn't work. This little textblock saved my day!
    – DonMeles
    Commented Dec 12, 2023 at 22:10

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