I don't want a separate page for my bibliography, so the references simply follow after the end of the actual document. However, there happens to be a footnote on the last page which is then displayed underneath the references. How can I move the footnote to just beneath the text, but before the references?

Screenshot of the last page: enter image description here

  • Did you already checked the package 'footmisc'? It's a good point to start. Commented Feb 11, 2011 at 15:17
  • @Martin Sharrer yup, nothing there. \skip\footins doesn't do the trick either. Commented Feb 11, 2011 at 15:34
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    One crazy idea would be to put the bibliography in a bottom float, i.e. {figure}[b] environment. Then the footnote is placed above it. However this leaves all the white space between text and footnote + bibl. Commented Feb 11, 2011 at 15:38
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    @Martin Sharrer this could work by putting the text into a minipage. The footnote then appears just beneath it, although it doesn't feel like a satisfactory solution, somehow.. Commented Feb 11, 2011 at 15:48
  • @mewoshh: Note the letter "c" in Martin Scharrer's name :-) Commented Feb 11, 2011 at 16:12

2 Answers 2


While I appreciate the solutions of Martin and Milosz, my advice is: Don't do it. Your bibliography is basically formatted as a normal section (save the numbering), and footnotes should always be placed at the bottom of a page, even when they are part of section "X" and a new section "X+1" starts in the middle of the page. (Milosz: Your screenshot shows footnote no. 4 -- I wonder what the pages with footnotes no. 1--3 look like.) If you really abhor footnotes after section-bibliographies, consider switching to endnotes for the whole document (these notes may be placed in a separate section before the bibliography).

If you insist on positioning a footnote in the middle of a page and use a minipage environment for the text on the last page to do so, pay attention to the formatting of any "paragraph" that spans both the penultimate and the last page -- e.g., make sure that the last line on the penultimate page is justified.


Two methods that work are:

  • Put the text from the last page into a minipage and enclose the bibliography with {figure}[h]. Adjust the footnote counters in the minipage by setting your own minipage counter.
  • Or as Martin Scharrer suggested, place the bibliography as footnote, e.g. using {\def\thefootnote{}\footnotetext{\normalsize YOURBIB}}.

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