I would like to use a small image in an equation, where a symbol like \alpha might otherwise be. Is there a nice way to do this?

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    I have never tried \includegraphics in math mode, but I would expect it to work. Are you saying it doesn't? Or is it that you have some difficulty with vertical alignment (which I imagine could become problematic)? Commented Feb 14, 2011 at 16:33

3 Answers 3


It won't scale nicely with font size, but a simple approach is straightforward. The image should have a tight bounding box, which you can achieve with tools like pdfcrop.


\mathord is suitable for ordinary symbols, since you indicated that it would be used similarly as \alpha.

With the suggestions from the comments, I wrote a better solution.


The symbol scales like a capital X for subscript and subsubscripts.

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    Use height=1em, then the picture can be auto scaled.
    – Leo Liu
    Commented Feb 14, 2011 at 16:42
  • @Leo Liu: It should, but it didn't work in my tests: $ \mysymbol_{\mysymbol_{\mysymbol}} $ gives 3x the same size with 1em or similar. Commented Feb 14, 2011 at 16:57
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    @Martin: Use \mathchoice then. I used this trick in my own document years ago.
    – Leo Liu
    Commented Feb 14, 2011 at 17:01
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    I would suggest 1.6ex instead, which is about the height of an uppercase X. The 1em is actually the width of an uppercase M. Commented Feb 14, 2011 at 17:01
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    I have incorporated all your comments to an improved solution. Commented Feb 14, 2011 at 17:15

Mikael and Leo both gave good answers so I won't repeat that information.

If you need the image centered with respect to binary operators, fractions, and the like, then you can use \vcenter{...} to perform that vertical centering.


Yes, you can. There is nearly no difference between a image and a symbol. Just define a command for convenience. You can also use PSTricks or TikZ to draw such a symbol.

However, you may need to redefine the depth of the box, and refine the spacing using \mathbin etc.

A full example (suppose a logo.pdf exists):

\def\logo{{% mathord
  • It seems I'm too obstinate to use ex. :)
    – Leo Liu
    Commented Feb 14, 2011 at 17:30

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