I am using classicthesis package version 4.1. Also I am using the bibliography style file, abbrvunsrtnat.bst, posted here.

I have a problem with using back-referencing. I have more than 70 citations in my document. Among these citations, there are three citations that don't have the Cited on page x at the end of the citation in the bibliography section of the document. The rest of the references are perfectly fine and has the back-reference correctly.

In below, please find a MWE.

                titlepage, numbers=noenddot, headinclude,%1headlines,
                footinclude=true, cleardoublepage=empty,
                BCOR=30mm, paper=letter, fontsize=11pt, % Binding correction, paper type and font size
                ngerman, american, % Languages




\usepackage{hyperref}  % backref linktocpage pagebackref

            colorlinks=true, linktocpage=true, pdfstartpage=1, pdfstartview=FitV,
            breaklinks=true, pdfpagemode=UseNone, pageanchor=true, pdfpagemode=UseOutlines,
            plainpages=false, bookmarksnumbered, bookmarksopen=true, bookmarksopenlevel=1,
            hypertexnames=true, pdfhighlight=/O, %

\usepackage{ifthen} % Allows the user of the \ifthenelse command
\newboolean{enable-backrefs} % Variable to enable backrefs in the bibliography
\setboolean{enable-backrefs}{true} % Variable value: true or false

% ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\newcommand{\backrefnotcitedstring}{\relax} % (Not cited.)
\newcommand{\backrefcitedsinglestring}[1]{(Cited on page~#1.)}
\newcommand{\backrefcitedmultistring}[1]{(Cited on pages~#1.)}
\ifthenelse{\boolean{enable-backrefs}} % If backrefs were enabled
        \usepackage{backref} % to be loaded after hyperref package 
                \renewcommand{\backreftwosep}{ and~} % separate 2 pages
                \renewcommand{\backreflastsep}{, and~} % separate last of longer list
                \renewcommand*{\backref}[1]{}  % disable standard
                \renewcommand*{\backrefalt}[4]{% detailed backref
                \ifcase #1 


This is test for back-referencing. \citep{ref1,ref2,ref3,ref4}. 




The problem is in the citation in the form of \citep{ref1,ref2,ref3,ref4}. When I separate it to \citep{ref1}, \citep{ref2}, \citep{ref3}, \citep{ref4} the backreferencing starts working properly. What would be the steps to debug and find the cause of the problem?

I found this post which is for two years ago and presented a few solutions. All my packages are up-to-date. However, it seems that the patch that was given in here has not been applied to natbib.sty. Is there any reason for not applying the patch in the latest version of natbib?

  • 1
    natbib has not seen any development since 2010, so I assume it is no longer really maintained.
    – mafp
    May 30 '13 at 19:52
  • @mafp: Thanks. What do you recommend to use?
    – user578
    May 31 '13 at 0:35
  • 1
    The patch in the answer you linked to works fine, so you can use that for now. A long term solution is to switch to biblatex.
    – mafp
    May 31 '13 at 8:31
  • I don't know whether this is still relevant to @A2009, but are you using "sort&compress" option for natbib? See "usepackage" option in this question: tex.stackexchange.com/questions/13653/…
    – Hug
    Sep 16 '14 at 10:01

Suppose you have a reference like ahm:2013 in your bib file, that does not have the back-reference as desired.

  1. Check whether you actually cite it, i.e., whether you have \cite{ahm:2013} somewhere in your document. This may sound dull, but remember that when you issue a \nocite{*} anywhere in your document, all references will end up in your bibliography chapter, even when not cited explicitly.
  2. Check whether your aux file contains those three lines:

  3. Check whether your brf file contains


If any of these checks fail, you have to provide more details on how they fail.


Maybe you could try this...

\ifcase #1 %
    {\footnotesize Cited on page~#2.}%
    {\footnotesize Cited on pages~#2.}%

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.