I have this equation:

 \mathbf{S}_o = \frac{ \sum\limits_{i=1}^{N} \left[ \left( \frac{\sum\limits_{k=1}^{J-1} \frac{\| P_k^Q - P_{k+1}^Q  \|}{\| P_k^T - P_{k+1}^T   \|}  }{J-1} \right) \cdot \mathbf{S}_i \right]   }{N}

Being rendered like this:

enter image description here

I don't understand why there is that additional space there ?

  • 1
    Why those parentheses? They aren't needed.
    – egreg
    Jun 14, 2013 at 13:44
  • I don't think they should leave this space there ?
    – dynamic
    Jun 14, 2013 at 13:52
  • BTW: It is really $S_o$, not $S_0$? Jun 14, 2013 at 13:52
  • 2
    The main fraction line is centered with respect to the summation symbol.
    – egreg
    Jun 14, 2013 at 13:55
  • 3
    The brackets are centered with respect to the middle line of the middle level fraction. Removing all the large unncessary brackets, removes the space you see, but egreg suggested rewriting below is much better. Jun 14, 2013 at 14:03

1 Answer 1


You don't need those parentheses. But that way of typesetting the formula is heavy and doesn't add to clarity.

Here's my proposals: the second one is surely how I'd typeset the formula.


\mathbf{S}_o =
  \frac{\sum\limits_{k=1}^{J-1} \frac{\| P_k^Q - P_{k+1}^Q \|}{\| P_k^T - P_{k+1}^T \|}}{J-1}
  \cdot \mathbf{S}_i}{N}

\mathbf{S}_0 =
     \frac{\| P_k^Q - P_{k+1}^Q  \|}{\| P_k^T - P_{k+1}^T \|} \cdot \mathbf{S}_i

enter image description here

Note that you probably want a 0 at the left hand side, rather than "oh".

  • Your second is a pretty good one
    – dynamic
    Jun 14, 2013 at 13:55

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