# No spacing between enumerated items with \usepackage{enumerate}

I use this code now:

\documentclass[11pt]{article}
\usepackage{enumerate}
\begin{document}
\begin{enumerate}
\item a
\item b
\item c
\end{enumerate}
\end{document}


I want to decrease the line spacing between a,b,c. Can someone help me do this?

And how do I remove the space BEFORE enumerate?

Better to use the latest and powerful enumitem package.

\documentclass[11pt]{article}
\usepackage{enumitem}
\begin{document}
Some text here.
\begin{enumerate}[topsep=0pt,itemsep=-1ex,partopsep=1ex,parsep=1ex]
\item a
\item b
\item c
\end{enumerate}
Some more text.
\end{document}


Here you may have to adjust these parameters as per your needs:

1. \topsep: space between first item and preceding paragraph.
2. \partopsep: extra space added to \topsep when environment starts a new paragraph.
3. \itemsep: space between successive items.

In the above code the parameters are set locally. If you want, you can make them global with the help of \setlist[enumerate]{topsep=0pt,itemsep=-1ex,partopsep=1ex,parsep=1ex}. For details, refer the enumitem manual at texdoc.

You can suppress all of these spaces by using nolistsep.

\documentclass[11pt]{article}
\usepackage{enumitem}
\begin{document}
\noindent Some text here.
\begin{enumerate}[nolistsep]
\item a
\item b
\item c
\end{enumerate}
Some more text.
\end{document}


Instead of using a package, you can also use the built-in features and define a new environment

\newenvironment{tight_enumerate}{
\begin{enumerate}
\setlength{\itemsep}{0pt}
\setlength{\parskip}{0pt}
}{\end{enumerate}}


This will nicely squeeze the items close together. If you need them even closer, you can use negative numbers, but be careful not to cause overlapping text.

• How can I use this approach to affect whole document? – 71GA Sep 11 '15 at 17:20
• If you replace all enumerates in the document with tight_enumerate it should work out. If you don't want to do that you can also use \renewenvironment{enumerate} instead to overwrite the original enumerate settings (for this document) – Michiel Sep 21 '15 at 8:52
• I think this is correct way of doing it. In my case, I only wanted to modify enumerate for only specific list not all. – Joarder Kamal Sep 21 '15 at 20:51

enumitem offers ready-made options for eliminating the space between items and paragraphs within the list (noitemsep) or all vertical spacing (nosep):

\documentclass[11pt]{article}
\usepackage{enumitem, kantlipsum}
\begin{document}
\paragraph{List without vertical spacing between items and paragraphs:}
\kant[2]
\begin{enumerate}[noitemsep]
\item a
\item b
\item c
\end{enumerate}
Something after the list.

\paragraph{List without vertical spacing:}
\kant[3]
\begin{enumerate}[nosep]
\item a
\item b
\item c
\end{enumerate}
Something after the list.
\end{document}


Note, however, that nolistsep is now considered deprecated and should not be used.

Use the enumitem package instead of enumerate

\usepackage[shortlabels]{enumitem}


then it will support the same suntax as the enumerate package.

The enumerate package does not provide any extra configurations other than the label.

• Ah that worked great. enumitem was breaking some of my previous enumerate commands. – Raffi Khatchadourian Apr 14 '15 at 23:47