Is there a way to replace "et al." abbreviation with its counterpart in another language (Turkish) which has no default turkish.apc file. I'd like to replace my citations to papers with more than 2 authors with "vd." instead of "et al."

  • 1
    If you take a look at the other .apc files, you can create your own for Turkish quite easily. If you put it in your local texmf folder (inside /tex/latex/apacite) it will be found.
    – Alan Munn
    Commented Jul 14, 2013 at 20:39

1 Answer 1


If it's likely you will need other changes to adapt to Turkish, it would be best to create your own turkish.apc file based on some of the others that are already distributed with the package.

But you can change the et al. string by adding the following to your preamble:

\renewcommand{\BOthers}[1]{vd.\hbox{}}%       et al
\renewcommand{\BOthersPeriod}[1]{vd.\hbox{}}%  et al.

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