# The quote environment and the typographically correct notation of reference

This is a typography and latex related question.

I have seen various examples of how the quote environment and the belonging reference to the quote are used. What is correct in the following minimum working example:

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{natbib}
\expandafter\def\expandafter\quote\expandafter{\quote\small}

\begin{document}

\begin{quote}
I'm a fuel-injected suicide machine! I am a rocker, I am a roller,
I am an out-of-controller! \citep[p.~123]{Nightrider1979}
\end{quote}

or

\begin{quote}
I'm a fuel-injected suicide machine! I am a rocker, I am a roller,
I am an out-of-controller \citep[p.~123]{Nightrider1979}!
\end{quote}

or

\begin{quote}
I'm a fuel-injected suicide machine! I am a rocker, I am a roller,
I am an out-of-controller! \citet[p.~123]{Nightrider1979}
\end{quote}

or

\begin{quote}
I'm a fuel-injected suicide machine! I am a rocker, I am a roller,
I am an out-of-controller!
\end{quote} \citep[p.~123]{Nightrider1979}

or

\begin{quote}
I'm a fuel-injected suicide machine! I am a rocker, I am a roller,
I am an out-of-controller!
\end{quote} \citet[p.~123]{Nightrider1979}

\bibliographystyle{plainnat}
\bibliography{./quote}

\end{document}


Please use the following bibtex file saved as quote.bib in the same directory:

@ARTICLE{Nightrider1979,
author = {Crawford "Nightrider" Montizano},
title = {Member of Toecutter's gang},
journal = {Mad Max},
year = {1979}
}


I think whether an author wants to indent the whole quote environment, change the font size or put the quote in quotation marks is up to the individual style. I just wondered about the punctuation and the position and style of the reference.

• @jon: Thanks for your comment. You are absolutely right: usually the author is already introduced in the context before the quote. I was more after the \citet{} \citep{} distinction, the correct punctuation (before or after the \citep{} command) and whether the \citep{} command is within the quote environment or outside. Jul 19 '13 at 16:02
• Ah, I see. Well, I'd say it is (semantically, if parenthetically) part of the quotation, so I'd keep it inside the environment. Consider, e.g., a footnote citation style: the footnotemark belongs in the quotation environment, but the footnote content belongs at the bottom of the page.
– jon
Jul 19 '13 at 16:07

Too long for a comment.

As @Roman asked in his coment I would say all his given examples are suboptimal.

I would use this:

\begin{quote}
I'm a fuel-injected suicide machine! I am a rocker, I am a roller,
I am an out-of-controller! \hfill (Crawford "Nightrider" Montizano)
\end{quote}


If you have to show were exactly the quote one can find, write it in the sentence before or after the quote.

• Thanks for the \hfill idea. I suppose in scientific documents the exact position of the quoted text needs to be stated. Would [...] controller! \hfill \citep[p.~123]{Nightrider1979} \end{quote} be a solution? Jul 19 '13 at 20:37