I am using the vancouver.bst which conforms to the ICMJE (international committee of medical journal editors) How do I make the citations in the text appear in parentheses, e.g., (3), rather than in brackets [3]?


The style vancouver is compatible with the package natbib. So you can load the package natbib with the option round to achieve your requirements.


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  • Thanks, that worked! I now need to get consecutive citations in the text to go from (1,2,3) to (1--3)....any ideas? – user2414716 Jul 19 '13 at 20:23
  • 1
    ...I just found it. I used \usepackage[numbers,round,sort&compress]{natbib} Thanks again. – user2414716 Jul 19 '13 at 20:37
  • @user2414716: Your second question doesn't belong to your original question. The format of our site prefer asking a new/separate question. – Marco Daniel Jul 19 '13 at 20:38

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