Consider the following code:

\usepackage[bookmarks, bookmarkstype=toc]{hyperref}




\part{First part}
    \chapter{First chapter}
    \chapter{Second chapter}

\part{Second part}
    \chapter{Third chapter}
    \chapter{Fourth chapter}



In the resulting PDF both tables of contents (the one produced by \tableofcontents and the list of PDF bookmarks) have the following hierarchy:

First part
- First chapter
- Second chapter
Second part
- Third chapter
- Fourth chapter
- Conclusion

Is it possible to put 'Conclusion' at the same level of hierarchy with 'Introduction', 'First part' and 'Second part'?

3 Answers 3


If you want to adapt only the bookmarks: Either use bookmark instead of hyperref (it will load hyperref internally)




  • 4
    Thank you, both of your methods work. There is only one issue: no empty line between 'Fourth chapter' and 'Conclusion' in ToC (to visually separate them), which I fixed by adding \addtocontents{toc}{\protect\vspace*{\baselineskip}\protect} before \chapter{conclusion}.
    – fjarri
    Mar 3, 2011 at 12:51
  • Thanks. Regarding the comment by @fjarri, in my case it was \cftbeforepartskip rather than \baselineskip. Feb 9, 2016 at 13:23
  • In my case (the book document class), for some reason, the \addtocontents{toc}{...} trick given in previous comments adds space after the next \chapter! So that I get the wanted result by putting the command before the chapter that precedes the conclusion…
    – Maëlan
    Dec 6, 2022 at 21:56

And remember to do the same for the introduction if you have one.


If you want to add a "Conclusion" that is at the same level of hierarchy as your "First part" and your "Second part", then I suggest to use \part*{Conclusion}.

  • \part* does not put the part in the ToC; and, moreover, I'd prefer a chapter, not a part.
    – fjarri
    Mar 3, 2011 at 12:40
  • @Bogdan: You can combine \part*{Conclusion} and (from @Herbert's answer) \addcontentsline{toc}{part}{Conclusion}. If you prefer \chapter, see @Ulrike's answer.
    – lockstep
    Mar 3, 2011 at 12:47

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