When using Biblatex's autocite command, I sometimes come across instances when I need to format the citations as a reference set. There is the option of using mcite, but then I lose the high level markup that autocite offers, .e.g. switching between plain, inline and superscript. If I use autocite or autocites, each reference would get it's own citation in the bibliography. Is there a solution that offers something like what I call \mautocite in this example?

Some text here\autocite{key1}. More text here\mautocite{set1,*key2,*key3,*key4}. 

Cite a subentry\autocite{key3}.


In the text, it would appear as

Some text here [1]. More text here [2].

Cite a subentry [2b].

And this would give two entries in the bibliography, where the second reference, [2], would be a set. Is there a way to get biblatex to do this?

2 Answers 2


The mcite-like commands are defined in the biblatex module blx-mcite.def. There you will find a citation command modifier \mcitelike, used as follows.

\newrobustcmd*{<new mcite command>}{\mcitelike<existing citation command>}

An mcite-like \autocite is somewhat odd because \autocite is intended to be style-independent, but mcite-like commands are relevant only to numeric citation styles. That said you can define an mcite-variant of \autocite with:


Here's an example.


% just for demo

% define mcite-like variant of \autocite

\mtextcite{companion,bertram,knuth,*knuth:ct:a,*knuth:ct:b} showed that...
Filler text \autocite{knuth:ct:a}.
Filler text \mautocite{model,*weinberg,*glashow}. 
Filler text \autocite{weinberg}.

enter image description here

Note that here \mtextcite{companion,bertram,knuth,*knuth:ct:a,*knuth:ct:b} is the equivalent of:


Similarly \mautocite{model,*weinberg,*glashow} becomes:


Futher details can be found in the biblatex manual sections "mcite-like Citation Commands" and "Dynamic Entry Sets". Various label number and entry set bugs were introduced/fixed between versions 1.1 and 2.7, so you should upgrade to the latest biblatex and biber releases to get all relevant features working properly.

  • Cheers! This is the solution I was looking for!
    – Samuel Tan
    Jul 29, 2013 at 1:01
  • @SamuelTan My initial post uncovered a bug, which I documented here. The fix will be in the next release, but it is pretty easy to apply yourself.
    – Audrey
    Jul 29, 2013 at 1:47

For this kind biblatex provides the set entry:


In your example this would then follow like this:

Some text here\autocite{key1}. More text here\autocite{a-set}. 

Cite a subentry\autocite{key3}.

  • 2
    mcite-like commands are for defining dynamic (on-the-fly) entry sets. Sets defined with @set are static. This is still relevant information, though, so +1.
    – Audrey
    Jul 27, 2013 at 18:41

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