I want this Unicode symbol , left-pointing angle bracket, to be interpreted as \langle.

On TeX Live on my Mac, I tried this:



$ 〈  $

which produces this error:

./foo.tex:7: Package ucs Error: Unknown Unicode character 9001 = U+2329,
(ucs)                possibly declared in uni-35.def.
(ucs)                Type H to see if it is available with options.
Unicode character 9001 = U+2329:
Unicode character 9001 = U+2329:
Character available with following options:

But I don't want to use the option postscript, I just want to define that Unicode character 2329 should emit \langle.

What am I doing wrong?

  • 1
    The U+2329 character is deprecated by Unicode; according to the specs, U+3008 should be used. However, ucs supports this one only by enabling the options cjkbg5 or cjkjis. I'm not sure why you need ucs, can you explain? – egreg Jul 29 '13 at 13:25
  • I get the same results for U+3008. I use usepackage[mathletters]{ucs} because it conveniently defines a host of Unicode symbol for math, particularly Greek letters. I tried enabling cjkjis, but that just broke Unicode support in different ways. – Søren Debois Jul 29 '13 at 13:38
  • @egreg, for mathematical use, shouldn’t U+27e8 “⟨” and U+2789 “⟩” (Mathematical Left/Right Angle Bracket) be preferred? – J. C. Salomon Jul 29 '13 at 15:56
  • @J.C.Salomon Probably you're right. – egreg Jul 29 '13 at 16:03
  • It's 2013. Please use a Unicode-aware TeX engine, i.e. xetex or luatex. – Reinstate Monica - M. Schröder Jul 30 '13 at 9:03

You can use the newunicodechar package, but not with the utf8x option to inputenc:



If you want to use ucs and utf8x (which I can't recommend), you have to load ucs with the Postscript option. The definition associated to U+2329 is however faulty, because it produces nothing even when loading pifont, that seems required. I provide a workaround.


  \sbox0{\let\Pisymbol\relax〈}% this loads uni-35.def and defines the character
  \@namedef{u-postscript-9001}#1{\langle}% we can now change the definition


  • Thanks. However, in my actual document, I wish to use also ucs, which requires inputenc with utf8x. And besides, I still desperately wish to know why my original approach did not work. – Søren Debois Jul 29 '13 at 12:58
  • Thanks. I'll drop my insistence on using ucs and define the symbols I need by hand, using your example above. – Søren Debois Jul 31 '13 at 11:21

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