This question already has an answer here:

I have the following LaTeX code:


\usepackage [round,authoryear] {natbib}

\usepackage[bookmarksopen,hyperfootnotes=false,pdftitle=test, pdfauthor=test,pdfsubject=test]{hyperref}

Here comes a cite to literature\footnote{\citep[p. 53]{LathamWatkins:2011}.}.           


In my Bibre.bib I have the following entry:

      author =       {Latham\&Watkins},
      title =        "Regulatory Capital Reform under Basel 3",
     note = "available: \nolinkurl{http://www.garp.org/media/583507/regulatorycapitalreformbaseliii_nicolaides032311.pdf} (access on 05.03.2013, creation 24.03.2011)",
      year = "2011",

This creates a cite entry at the bottom of the page like this:

^1(Latham&Watkins, 2011, p. 53)

See the screenshot I add:


I do not want to have the brackets! What do I have to change, that the brackets () disappear?

EDIT (regarding the first answer): \cite does not change anything, \citet looks like the following:


But is it possible to have no brackets at all? This would be quite important to me, since I am setting an important document and I would prefer to have no brackets at all.

marked as duplicate by Andrew Swann, Thorsten, Heiko Oberdiek, Mensch, cmhughes Aug 8 '13 at 9:21

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

  • 1
    If you do not want the brackets, use \cite instead of \citep. – Corentin Aug 7 '13 at 17:28
  • Note this applies to other natbib bibliography styles such as plainnat, rather than just autorjahrdidiDE. – Andrew Swann Aug 8 '13 at 8:19
  • This has been asked at tex.stackexchange.com/q/102532/15925 before. – Andrew Swann Aug 8 '13 at 8:22

\citealt instead of \citep, \cite etc. will do it. See this reference sheet or the wikibook.

An alternative method, and what I would use for consistency throughout the document is the specify \bibpunct{}{}{,}{a}{,}{,}. For details see the wikibook entry but the first 2 empty braces specify that no "bracket" is to be used.

  • one further question: How can I fastly change all those commands to \citealt, I am using a large document with a lot of pages? So something like search and substitute with... – Jen Bohold Aug 8 '13 at 8:18

Try \cite and \citet instead of \citep. All three commands do different things.

  • I answered before I noticed @Corentin's comment. Sorry for the duplication. – twsh Aug 7 '13 at 17:30
  • \cite does not change anything, but \citet changes the brackets into Latham&Watkins (2011, p. 53). But is it possible to have no brackets at all? – Jen Bohold Aug 8 '13 at 8:06
  • 2
    \cite is either \citet or \citep depending on the citation mode. – Andrew Swann Aug 8 '13 at 8:17
  • I hadn't realised that they are equivalent in natbib. I use biblatex myself. Try \citealt and \citealp, which in natbib are \citet and \citep without parentheses respectively. – twsh Aug 8 '13 at 16:29

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