# How to remove the “References” title

I would like to know how to remove the "References" title from command \bibliography{}.

If I write:

... text ... \cite{RefAnd2013} ...
\bibliographystyle{IEEEtran}
\bibliography{AnderBib}
... more text ...
\end{document}


Appears "References" title:

... text [1] ...

References

[1] W. Anderson, Environment Modeling with UML, in ... 2010. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/xxx

... more text ...

But, I need

... text [1] ...

[1] W. Anderson, Environment Modeling with UML, in ... 2010. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/xxx

... more text ...

• Which document class are you using? – Gonzalo Medina Sep 10 '13 at 18:17

Add these lines to the preamble:

\usepackage{etoolbox}
\patchcmd{\thebibliography}{\section*{\refname}}{}{}{}


A complete example:

\begin{filecontents*}{aaaaabbbbbb.bib}
@misc{test,
title= "The title",
howpublished= "Publisher"
}
\end{filecontents*}
\documentclass{IEEEtran}
\usepackage{etoolbox}
\patchcmd{\thebibliography}{\section*{\refname}}{}{}{}

\begin{document}
\cite{test}
\bibliographystyle{IEEEtran}
\bibliography{aaaaabbbbbb}

\end{document}


Since IEEEtran.cls automatically adds an entry for the references in the ToC, you might also be interested in suppressing this entry (after all, there's no section for the references); in this case, you will also have to add

\patchcmd{\thebibliography}{\addcontentsline{toc}{section}{\refname}}{}{}{}


I think something easier would be \renewcommand\refname{}

• The problem with this approach is that if \tableofcontents is used, then an odd entry with no title, but page number, is added to the ToC. – Gonzalo Medina Sep 10 '13 at 19:01
• Moreover, space-wise, a section will still be set, perhaps leaving an unwanted (large) vertical gap between text and references. – Werner Sep 10 '13 at 19:06

If you don't mind using biblatex instead of bibtex, you could simply use the following: \printbibliography[heading=none].

Dependencies:

• biblatex
• biblatex-ieee (for the IEEE bibliography style)

Here's a minimal example:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage[style=ieee]{biblatex}

\begin{document}

\section{Some section}
Some text \cite{KandR}.

\end{document}


For the sake of completeness, here is the content of the refs.bib file used:

@BOOK
{KandR,
AUTHOR    = {Kernighan, Brian W. and Ritchie, Dennis M.},
TITLE     = {The C Programming Language Second Edition},
PUBLISHER = {Prentice-Hall, Inc.},
YEAR      = 1988
}


After compiling the document with latexmk -bibtex -pdf, the result should look like this:

• Give me a example, because this did not work for me. – Anderson Jul 31 '15 at 19:12
• I'm sorry, it seems this option is only available using biblatex instead of bibtex. I will update my answer with this information and a basic usage example. – Apteryx Aug 2 '15 at 17:00

If you are using biblatex:

\defbibheading{bibliography}[\refname]{}

• \printbibliography[heading=none] as in Apteryx's answer. Would be slightly nicer, I think. – moewe Aug 8 '18 at 14:31

If you are using the natbib package

\renewcommand{\bibsection}{}


will do the job.