I would like to know how to remove the "References" title from command \bibliography{}.

If I write:

... text ... \cite{RefAnd2013} ...
... more text ...

Appears "References" title:

... text [1] ...


[1] W. Anderson, Environment Modeling with UML, in ... 2010. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/xxx

... more text ...

But, I need

... text [1] ...

[1] W. Anderson, Environment Modeling with UML, in ... 2010. [Online]. Available: http://dx.doi.org/xxx

... more text ...

  • 2
    Which document class are you using? Sep 10, 2013 at 18:17

5 Answers 5


Add these lines to the preamble:


A complete example:

title= "The title",
howpublished= "Publisher"



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Since IEEEtran.cls automatically adds an entry for the references in the ToC, you might also be interested in suppressing this entry (after all, there's no section for the references); in this case, you will also have to add

  • 2
    Somehow doesn't work for me. Jul 11, 2022 at 21:23

If you don't mind using biblatex instead of bibtex, you could simply use the following: \printbibliography[heading=none].


  • biblatex
  • biblatex-ieee (for the IEEE bibliography style)

Here's a minimal example:



\section{Some section}
Some text \cite{KandR}.



For the sake of completeness, here is the content of the refs.bib file used:

   AUTHOR    = {Kernighan, Brian W. and Ritchie, Dennis M.},
   TITLE     = {The C Programming Language Second Edition},
   PUBLISHER = {Prentice-Hall, Inc.},
   YEAR      = 1988

After compiling the document with latexmk -bibtex -pdf, the result should look like this:


  • Give me a example, because this did not work for me.
    – Anderson
    Jul 31, 2015 at 19:12
  • 2
    I'm sorry, it seems this option is only available using biblatex instead of bibtex. I will update my answer with this information and a basic usage example.
    – Apteryx
    Aug 2, 2015 at 17:00
  • 1
    This doesn't work for me, even with biblatex. Jul 11, 2022 at 21:17

If you are using the natbib package


will do the job.

  • 1
    This really a useful command. Dec 17, 2020 at 9:41

I think something easier would be \renewcommand\refname{}

  • 3
    The problem with this approach is that if \tableofcontents is used, then an odd entry with no title, but page number, is added to the ToC. Sep 10, 2013 at 19:01
  • 5
    Moreover, space-wise, a section will still be set, perhaps leaving an unwanted (large) vertical gap between text and references.
    – Werner
    Sep 10, 2013 at 19:06

If you are using biblatex:

  • 3
    \printbibliography[heading=none] as in Apteryx's answer. Would be slightly nicer, I think.
    – moewe
    Aug 8, 2018 at 14:31

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