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I have long been using the TeX Gyre Pagella font for my documents. However, like many users, when I'm trying to find out how to customize documents by searching StackExchange (or often) googling, there are so many options, packages, old information, bleeding edge information, and alternative compilers I'm not sure if I'm responsibly using the available software.

Ideally I could set up a preamble and use it over and over for my documents. The preamble should:

  1. Let me use TeX Gyre Pagella
  2. Enable proper matching math fonts, get ligatures correct
  3. Play well with unicode
  4. Packages and compilers are available in TeX Live/MacTeX/TeX Shop
  5. Highly stable -- no known bugs or conflicts with other popular packages
  6. Uses packages that are not 'orphaned' i.e. they will continue to be improved but not deprecated in the years to come.

For example: for a long time I had used XeLaTeX but after trying to read around about 'good ways to do things' I read about some combination of using LuaLaTeX and certain packages/preamble lines such as below, that appeared to be more 'preferred'. But I really am not sure what everything here does, and using fonts in TeX has been explicitly called a black hole, so I thought I could open up a question and see what people think.

Here's a (minimal) preamble I am now trying to use with LuaLaTeX:

   \documentclass[english]{exam}
   \usepackage{babel}
   \usepackage{parskip}         
   \usepackage{fontspec}   
   \usepackage{fontenc,unicode-math}
   \setmainfont[Ligatures=TeX]{TeX Gyre Pagella}
   \setmathfont[Ligatures=TeX]{TeX Gyre Pagella Math}

Am I missing or misusing something important? Any further ideas about what would be 'good' to have in a preamble?

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    You don't need to load fontenc; it may still work, but I don't think it is recommended when you are using fontspec. I think there's a comment in the manual of the latter about this.
    – jon
    Sep 12, 2013 at 17:03
  • 1
    As it stands, it's not really clear what the question is here
    – Joseph Wright
    Nov 2, 2013 at 23:05
  • 4
    Perhaps the following question comparing XeTeX and LuaTeX could be helpful: Differences between LuaTeX, ConTeXt and XeTeX
    – Alan Munn
    Nov 2, 2013 at 23:10
  • Alan Munn -- that's very helpful and relevant, thank you! Nov 4, 2013 at 21:12
  • Don't say english. Specify the variant instead e.g. british or american. This is recommended because different versions of babel alias english to different variants.
    – cfr
    Mar 24, 2014 at 1:48

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