# Footnote hang, & adding vertical space around footrule

1. How do I make the footnote hang on a new line? ie have "2012 )." align with the beginning of "Susan" instead of "1".

2. How can I increase the vertical space above and below the footnote line? Can I make this a flexi space?

MWE:

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{fontspec}
\setmainfont[Scale=1.0,Numbers={OldStyle,Proportional},Ligatures=TeX]{Minion Pro}

\usepackage{biblatex}

\makeatletter
\renewcommand\@makefntext[1]{\hspace*{0em}\hb@xt@2em{\@thefnmark\hss}#1}
\makeatother

\usepackage{fancyhdr}
\fancyfoot{}
\renewcommand{\footrulewidth}{0pt}
\pagestyle{fancy}

\begin{document}
Sentence with footnote.\footcite{mcclary}
\end{document}


Current Output:

• @karlkoeller Ah, so it is. Amended accordingly. – Αναξ Sep 14 '13 at 7:07
• Also your code is not compilable... Where does \headerfontsize come from? – karlkoeller Sep 14 '13 at 7:12
• @karlkoeller I am using a child documentclass based off {article}. It uses {fancyhdr} and a few other packages. – Αναξ Sep 14 '13 at 8:17

1. How do I make the footnote hang on a new line? ie have "2012 )." align with the beginning of "Susan" instead of "1".

2. How can I increase the vertical space above and below the footnote line? Can I make this a flexi space?

1. To get "hanging" footnotes, you could load the footmisc package with the hang option:

\usepackage[hang]{footmisc}

2. I assume that by "footnote line" you mean the short line that separates the main text block from the footnote material; this line is frequently called the footnote rule, or footrule for short. One way to change the space between the last line of the text block and the footnote separator line is to load the geometry package and set the desired space in the footnotesep option. You don't specify how large this space should be; if it were, say, 2\baselineskip, you could load the geometry package like this:

\usepackage[footnotesep=2\baselineskip]{geometry}



I'm not quite sure what you mean by "flexispace". In case you mean that the footnote material should always be at the very bottom of the page -- which, in the example above, is equivalent to saying that the footnotesep amount should be anywhere from 2.00 to 2.99 \baselineskip -- use the option bottom when loading the footmisc package.

The following is a minimal working example that illustrates the operation of the two suggested settings. The lower part of the resulting first page looks like this:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage[hang,bottom]{footmisc}
\usepackage[footnotesep=2\baselineskip,margin=1in]{geometry}
\usepackage{lipsum} % for filler text
\begin{document}
\lipsum[1]

Some thoughts.\footnote{\lipsum*[2]}

\lipsum[3-10] % fill up remainder of page and then some
\end{document}

• The [hang] command fails to have effect despite the correct package being used—What further information do you need in order to help me? The [footnotesep] command has worked as I had hoped. You recommend not changing space after the footrule, but I do wish to tweak it slightly; how can this be achieved? – Αναξ Sep 14 '13 at 10:35
• I've also just noticed that the {geometry} settings are knocking the page number off centre. – Αναξ Sep 14 '13 at 10:57
• @Αναξ - please be (much!) more specific as to what's going on in your particular document. Comments such as "fails to have effect" simply aren't great diagnostic tools, I'm afraid. If you're not using the article document class, please state which class it is that you use. And, are you maybe loading other packages that affect the positioning of items such as page numbers? – Mico Sep 14 '13 at 12:04
• @Αναξ - I've added an explanation of how one might change the vertical spacing above a footnote -- including that between the footrule and the first footnote of the footnote block. – Mico Sep 14 '13 at 12:24
• @Mico When I comment out \usepackage{fullpage} and use your suggest {footmisc} command then re-compile; my margins increase, the page number is properly centred, and footnote text is still not hanging. When I add the {geometry} command you suggest, the page number goes off centre but the margins go back to 1in as desired. I will update my original quesiton to show which I understand to be used by the {fancyhdr} package. – Αναξ Sep 15 '13 at 4:44