I am using biblatex and biblatex-apa for formatting references in APA format. I am using \fullcite to print the full reference in APA format as I have to describe the printed reference. In my case I cannot use the \printbibliography function to print the reference. The problem using \fullcite is that it is not printing reference in APA format, it is using AND instead of &. Here is the example:

using \fullcite

Darwin, C., Ekman, P., and Prodger, P. (2002). The expression of the emo-
tions in man and animals. Oxford University Press, USA

using \printbibliography

Darwin, C., Ekman, P., & Prodger, P. (2002). The expression of the emotions
in man and animals. Oxford University Press, USA

My question is how to incorporate & instead of AND in the \fullcite function. Any help will be greatly appreciated.

  • 1
    Hi, welcome to tex.sx! Although your question is not identical to this one: hanging references using \fullcite, the solution posted there solves your problem as well.
    – Alan Munn
    Commented Mar 14, 2011 at 2:22
  • @Alan Is it possible to add a counter to the \fullcite function so that I can print the number of the reference, I know about counters but I have no idea about how to integrate it in a function such as \fullcite any pointers will be very helpful. Commented Mar 14, 2011 at 3:11
  • What are you trying to do? Because the \fullcite method isn't really intended for this. Are you trying to make a bibliography with different categories? If that's the case, you can do that in biblatex, but without using \fullcite.
    – Alan Munn
    Commented Mar 14, 2011 at 3:38
  • I am creating a annotated bibliography using biblatex-apa. In this process I also need to add numbers such as: 1. Ref 2. Ref to the bibliography, that is why I asked the question regarding counter integrated with \fullcite Commented Mar 14, 2011 at 3:46
  • @Neo_Me I removed your "Solved" edit. Having accepted an answer suffices to show that it has been solved, and leaving the question as it is may be more helpful to others with the same problem in the future.
    – Alan Munn
    Commented Mar 16, 2011 at 17:59

1 Answer 1


The latest version of biblatex-apa (2.6 or above) now fixes this problem, so you should update. biblatex-apa now provides two commands: \fullcite which makes an inline reference (with no hanging indent) and \fullcitebib which makes a fake bibliography entry, with a hanging indent.

If you are making a categorised bibliography for a CV, for example, there are better ways to achieve this than using multiple \fullcitebib commands.

To make an annotated bibliography using \fullcitebib commands you could do the following:


     {\stepcounter{bibnum}\thebibnum.\ }
  \renewcommand{\finalnamedelim}{\ifnum\value{liststop}>2 \finalandcomma\fi\addspace\&\space}%



Some annotations.


Some annotations

output of code


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