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For some reason, there is no blank space between the bibliography section title (References) and the first reference. I am currently using \bibliographystyle{apalike} as bibliography style and document class article (\documentclass[12pt, a4paper]{article}). Does anyone have an idea how to get a baseline skip in between the title 'References' and the first reference?

EDIT: I am using \usepackage{natbib}.

EDIT2: My preamble

\documentclass[12pt, a4paper]{article}
\usepackage{multirow}
\usepackage{array}
\usepackage{amssymb}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\usepackage[pdftex]{graphicx}
\usepackage{natbib}
\usepackage{color}
\usepackage{xcolor}
\usepackage{appendix}
\usepackage{float}
\usepackage{hyperref}
\usepackage{url}
\usepackage{subfigure}
\usepackage{rotating}
\usepackage{eurosym}
\usepackage{bbding}
\usepackage[english]{babel}
\usepackage{setspace}
\usepackage{a4wide}
\usepackage[hang,normalsize,bf]{caption}
\usepackage{lscape}
\usepackage{graphics}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{epstopdf}
\usepackage{placeins}
\usepackage[latin1]{inputenc}
\usepackage{titlesec}
\usepackage[bottom]{footmisc}
\usepackage{bbm}
\bibpunct{(}{)}{;}{a}{,}{,}

\numberwithin{equation}{section}
\interfootnotelinepenalty=10000
%\renewcommand\thetable{\Roman{table}}
\renewcommand\thefigure{\thesection.\arabic{figure}}
\renewcommand\thetable{\thesection.\arabic{table}}
\newcommand{\HRule}{\rule{\linewidth}{0.5mm}}
\newcommand{\gargantuaan}{\fontsize{7}{8}\selectfont}

%\hypersetup{
%  colorlinks=false,% hyperlinks will be black
%  linkbordercolor=white,% hyperlink borders will be red
%  pdfborderstyle={/S/U/W 0}% border style will be underline of width 1pt
%}

\makeatletter
\renewcommand*\l@table{\@dottedtocline{1}{1.5em}{2.8em}}
\renewcommand*\l@table{\@dottedtocline{1}{1.5em}{2.8em}}
\makeatother

\makeatletter
\setlength{\@fptop}{0pt}
\makeatother

\begin{document}

closed as off-topic by karlkoeller, Heiko Oberdiek, Werner, Torbjørn T., Mensch Sep 17 '13 at 20:11

  • This question does not fall within the scope of TeX, LaTeX or related typesetting systems as defined in the help center.
If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

  • With the limited information you are providing, I can only recommend using \vspace*{3mm} where '3mm' can be set as much space as you want. – Mario S. E. Sep 17 '13 at 16:15
  • Without a MWE it is very difficult to predict the behaviour of some not-working code, please provide one if you can. – alandella Sep 17 '13 at 16:16
  • I understand. There is just not too much I can give as an MWE. Perhaps this helps: s24.postimg.org/aigpfgf05/Example.png You can see there is no space between 'References' and the first reference. Further, the title References is at the right location. As for tex coding, I use the following to create the bibliography: \bibliographystyle{apalike} \bibliography{Bibliography} – Pieter Oudshoorn Sep 17 '13 at 16:20
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    Does this behavior persist if you create a minimal test document like \documentclass{article}\usepackage{natbib}\begin{document}\nocite{*}\bibliographystyle{apalike}\bibliography{bib_name_here}\end{document}? If it does not persist, then you should be able to go through the process of creating an MWE that you can then post so we can help you further. – Adam Liter Sep 17 '13 at 16:32
  • 5
    This question appears to be off-topic because it is about a mistake made and solved by the OP. – karlkoeller Sep 17 '13 at 18:42