# Widow Orphan lstlisting

I have a listing of 6 lines. The listing box does not seem to fit on one page (it is on the bottom of the page) so the rest of the box is printed on the next page. There is nothing actually in the box on the next page. How can I avoid this? Can I tell the listing to put at least 3 lines on the next page?

• Welcome to TeX.SX! – Ludovic C. Sep 30 '13 at 7:28
• Clearly I can put the whole thing in a box. Or just add empty lines. But that would just be a fix for a particular listing. I'd like a somewhat "global" fix. – Grey Sep 30 '13 at 7:51
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• You can either try making the basicstyle smaller or, preferably, split up your code samples—nobody likes reading a page (or pages) full of code. (I mean, unless you're a textbook giving a solution.) – Sean Allred Apr 28 '14 at 13:20
• – jub0bs Apr 28 '14 at 15:11

use

\begin{lstlisting}[float,...]


then it cannot have a pagebreak inside

may be you can use the samepage environment. A very small example

\begin{samepage}
\begin{verbatim}
line 1
line 2
line 3
line 4
line 5
line 6
\end{verbatim}
\end{samepage}

• Would you like to improve the answer perhaps showing how the samepage environment works? – Claudio Fiandrino Sep 30 '13 at 7:30
• This solution does not work for me. I added \begin{samepage}...\end{samepage} around my lstlisting and there is still one orphan line on the next page. – bortzmeyer Oct 15 '13 at 9:15

I had a similar problem where a the caption and maybe one line of code would appear at the end of one page and the rest of the code on the next one. What helped me was the needspace package. Its not quite perfect, as I have to set the command in front of every \lstlisting that is broken at the wrong place but its all right for a quick n dirty solution.

% preamble
\usepackage{needspace}

% document
\needspace{5\baselineskip} % reserve at least 5 lines, if there is not enough
% space, insert a page break
\begin{lstlisting}[...]


You could use the minipage environment, which ensures that everything contained in itself is held together, and, if there is no more room for it, in its entirety, to fit, then it moves itself to the next page where it should have ample room to display (it's only six lines, so it shouldn't have to span multiple pages).

\documentclass[a4paper]{article}

\usepackage[english]{babel}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage[colorinlistoftodos]{todonotes}

\begin{document}
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit,
sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna
aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation
ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.
Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit
esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur
sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui
officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.
\begin{minipage}{\textwidth}
line #1
line #2
line #3
line #4
line #5
line #6
\end{minipage}

\end{document}