• Consider the following minimal working example.
  • It's great to have an animation in pdf format.
  • But sometimes it would be good to be able to export it into an animated gif or something else (swf, video file, svg?).
  • How do I achieve this?
  • Note: I often have animations together with pgfplots.








The animation is not visible in all PDF viewers. It surely works with a current Adobe Reader.

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    See my answer that can produce many output format in one click. – kiss my armpit Oct 12 '13 at 15:14
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    New possibilities. See below. – AlexG Nov 30 '18 at 11:29

1 Animated SVG (animate [2018/11/20])

  • suitable for inclusion in Web pages (or viewed standalone, also on mobile devices)
  • freely scalable (vectorial graphics)
  • relies on M. Gieseking's dvisvgm output driver/utility (available in TeXLive and MikTeX)

  • compile with

    latex myAnim.tex % or lualatex --output-format=dvi or xelatex --no-pdf
    dvisvgm --exact --font-format=woff --zoom=-1 myAnim.dvi % or myAnim.xdv





  • embed into HTML with the <object> tag

    <object type="image/svg+xml" data="myAnim.svg">
      <!-- fallback & search engine indexing -->
      <img src="myAnim.svg" />
  • The Chromium Web browser and those derived from it (Chrome, Opera, ...) have by far the best rendering performance, as can be tested with the Lorenz attractor example.

2 Export to multipage PDF (animate [2018/08/22])

As of version [2018/08/22], animate has the package option export, to be used together with the standalone document class, as in:




Animation frames are output as individual pages of a multipage document, suitable for conversion to other file formats, such as animated GIF, using external programs, such as convert from ImageMagick.org:

convert -density 300 -delay 4 -loop 0 -alpha remove multipage.pdf animated.gif

creates an animated GIF at 100/4=25 frames per second.

| improve this answer | |
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    I might add some code to animate in the future that detects whether preview was loaded and which then takes the necessary actions. – AlexG Oct 16 '13 at 11:45
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    @Dr.ManuelKuehner, thank you for your kind comments!! – AlexG Mar 13 '18 at 21:14
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    @Dr.ManuelKuehner : I updated my answer. – AlexG Aug 24 '18 at 9:17
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    Great! I only can upvote once sadly. I will upvote some other of your answers. – Dr. Manuel Kuehner Aug 24 '18 at 15:28
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    dvisvgm (version 2.3.5) contained in TeXLive does not support embedding external PDF, but the upstream version 2.6.1 does. It will very likely be in TeXLive-2019. For now, split-convert the multipage PDF to a numbered set of PS files and use \animategraphics.... – AlexG Jan 3 '19 at 14:18

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