# TikZ Self Loops Style Question

I have a question on how to "style" the self loops in my diagram.

Here is my preamble:

\documentclass[letterpaper]{tufte-handout}

\usepackage{amsmath}
\usepackage{amssymb}
\usepackage{amsthm}

% LaTeX TikZ Graphics Package

\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary{arrows}
\tikzset{
>=stealth,
auto,
node distance=3.5cm,
font=\scriptsize,
possible world/.style={circle,draw,thick,align=center},
real world/.style={double,circle,draw,thick,align=center},
minimum size=40pt
}


and here is my current attempt at a diagram:

\begin{figure}
\centering
\begin{tikzpicture}
\node[real world] (1) {$\World_{1}$ \\ $H,L$};
\node[possible world] (2) [right of=1] {$\World_{2}$ \\ $\neg{H},L$};
\node[possible world] (3) [below of=1] {$\World_{3}$ \\ $\neg{H},L$};
\node[possible world] (4) [right of=3] {$\World_{4}$ \\ $\neg{H},L$};
\path[]
(1) edge [loop above,thick] node {$A,B,C$} (1)
(2) edge [loop above,thick] node {$A,B,C$} (2)
(3) edge [loop below,thick] node {$A,B,C$} (3)
(4) edge [loop below,thick] node {$A,B,C$} (4)
(1) [<->,thick] edge node[above] {$B$} (2)
(3) [<->,thick] edge node[below] {$A,B,C$} (4)
(1) [->,thick] edge node[left] {$C$} (3)
(1) [->,thick] edge node[right] {$C$} (4)
(2) [->,thick] edge node[left] {$C$} (3)
(2) [->,thick] edge node[right] {$C$} (4);
\end{tikzpicture}
\caption{Successor state, $\State_{2}$, obtained after $A$ peeks into the strongbox and learns that the coin is facing heads up without the knowledge of his fellow agents.}
\label{fig:multi-modal-strongbox:peek-2-successor}
\end{figure}


The picture that I am getting looks like this:

But I really want the arcs to look like the ones in this example:

I don't mind having the labels be above or below the arc and not in the middle, but the overall shape of the self loops is what I'm interested in replicating.

Also, as a side note - I've been unable to find a way to increase the horizontal separation between the nodes. Any suggestions would be appreciated.

You can use positioning library to adjust the horizontal distance between nodes. Also note that right of =... is replaced with right = <dimen>cm of ... here as the former is deprecated. You can put four extra nodes for A, B, C and adjust the edge with in=...,out=... parameters. As I don't know what \World etc are, I have replaced them with World etc. Further, I have adjusted minimum size at few places as you have globally defined it (which I wouldn't do generally).

Full code:

\documentclass[letterpaper]{tufte-handout}

\usepackage{amsmath}
\usepackage{amssymb}
\usepackage{amsthm}

% LaTeX TikZ Graphics Package

\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary{arrows,positioning}
\tikzset{
>=stealth,
%auto,
%node distance=3.5cm,
font=\scriptsize,
possible world/.style={circle,draw,thick,align=center},
real world/.style={double,circle,draw,thick,align=center},
minimum size=40pt
}
\begin{document}
\begin{figure}
\centering
\begin{tikzpicture}
\node[real world] (1) {$World_{1}$ \\ $H,L$};
\node[above = .1ex of 1,inner sep = 0pt,outer sep=0pt,minimum size=25pt] (1a) {$A,B,C$};
\node[possible world] (2) [right = 5cm of 1] {$World_{2}$ \\ $\neg{H},L$};
\node[above = .1ex of 2,inner sep = 0pt,outer sep=0pt,minimum size=25pt] (2a) {$A,B,C$};
\node[possible world] (3) [below = 2cm of 1] {$World_{3}$ \\ $\neg{H},L$};
\node[below = .1ex of 3,inner sep = 0pt,outer sep=0pt,minimum size=25pt] (3a) {$A,B,C$};
\node[possible world] (4) [right = 5cm of 3] {$World_{4}$ \\ $\neg{H},L$};
\node[below = .1ex of 4,inner sep = 0pt,outer sep=0pt,minimum size=25pt] (4a) {$A,B,C$};
\path[]
(1) edge [in=180, out=130,thick] (1a)
(1a) edge [->,in=50, out=0,thick] (1)
(2) edge [in=180, out=130,thick] (2a)
(2a) edge [->,in=50, out=0,thick]  (2)
(3) edge [in=180, out=230,thick] (3a)
(3a) edge [->,in=310, out=0,thick]  (3)
(4) edge [in=180, out=230,thick] (4a)
(4a) edge [->,in=310, out=0,thick]  (4)
(1) [<->,thick] edge node[above,minimum size=0pt] {$B$} (2)
(3) [<->,thick] edge node[below,minimum size=0pt] {$A,B,C$} (4)
(1) [->,thick] edge node[left,minimum size=0pt] {$C$} (3)
(1) [->,thick] edge node[right] {$C$} (4)
(2) [->,thick] edge node[left] {$C$} (3)
(2) [->,thick] edge node[right,minimum size=0pt] {$C$} (4);
\end{tikzpicture}
\caption{Successor state, $State_{2}$, obtained after $A$ peeks into the strongbox and learns that the coin is facing heads up without the knowledge of his fellow agents.}
\label{fig:multi-modal-strongbox:peek-2-successor}
\end{figure}
\end{document}


• What does that formula S x t x a x t x e do? :P – percusse Nov 2 '13 at 7:56
• Then why leaving it in? It's a typo-crime you know :) – percusse Nov 2 '13 at 8:05