# Configuring footnote position and spacing

(A) How do I shift the footnote vertically down 1 mm or so? (B) I want to introduce some additional space in between one foot note and the next one, and between the first footnote and the line that separates it from the regular text.

\vspace{1mm} inside the \footnote{} command does not solve this.

Using XeTex

\documentclass[12pt]{article}
\usepackage[top = 1in, bottom = 1in, left = 1in, right = 1in]{geometry}
\usepackage{amsmath, booktabs, graphicx, setspace}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[hang]{footmisc}
\begin{document}
\begin{spacing}{1.9}
TEXT.\footnote{\vspace{1mm} my footnote is here.}
\end{spacing}
\end{document}


(C) How do I prevent a long footnote from partly continuing in the next page? (D) I must also find a way to linebreak in footnotes without justifying the first line.

The footmisc package (with the 'hang' option) only makes the footnote symbol flush to the left. (E) I would actually like to put it a couple points away from the left margin. (F) And make the footnote number bold.

• Please add a minimal working example (MWE) that illustrates your problem. It will be much easier for us to reproduce your situation and find out what the issue is when we see compilable code, starting with \documentclass{...} and ending with \end{document}. – jubobs Nov 2 '13 at 14:58
• Done. I listed the packages I am using here, in case that matters, in the code example. – Guido Jorg Nov 2 '13 at 15:08
• i don't think (C) is possible if the footnote is longer than the available space on the page (but you can try to \enlargethispage to give more room). as for (D), try putting \endgraf where you want the break; this is a no-frills equivalent of \par. you may also have to use \noindent if you want the next line to start at the left margin. – barbara beeton Nov 3 '13 at 11:36
• Can you be more specific about how you want your line break to function (that is, if Barbara Beeton hasn't answered your question already)? I can't see why \ wouldn't work. – Daniel Harbour Nov 3 '13 at 14:29
• \endgraf \noindent worked like I wanted! Great. – Guido Jorg Nov 3 '13 at 14:49

I don't know if I got completely what you want to achieve...

• To "introduce some additional space in between one foot note and the next one, and between the first footnote and the line that separates it from the regular text" you can add the following line to your preamble (change 5mm to 1mm or whatever you need):

\addtolength{\footnotesep}{5mm} % change to 1mm

• To "make the footnote number bold" you can add the following line to your preamble:

\renewcommand{\thefootnote}{\textbf{\arabic{footnote}}}

• To "put it a couple points away from the left margin" you can load the package footmisc with the option flushmargin:

\usepackage[flushmargin]{footmisc}


Complete code:

\documentclass[12pt]{article}
\usepackage[top = 1in, bottom = 1in, left = 1in, right = 1in]{geometry}
\usepackage{amsmath, booktabs, graphicx, setspace}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}

\usepackage[flushmargin]{footmisc}

\renewcommand{\thefootnote}{\textbf{\arabic{footnote}}}

\begin{document}
\begin{spacing}{1.9}
TEXT.\footnote{my first footnote is here.}

TEXT.\footnote{my second footnote is here.}
\end{spacing}
\end{document}


Output:

• You perfectly answered (A), (B), (E), (F) :) Exactly what I was looking for. Do you also know how to do (C) and (D)? – Guido Jorg Nov 3 '13 at 11:17
• What if you don't want to add space between the line and the footnote but between the line and the main text above it? – skan Nov 9 '17 at 20:21
• \addtolength{\footnotesep}{5mm} not only adds space above the first note but also in-between them. How can I just add it before them? – skan Nov 20 '17 at 19:35
• What if we don't want to introduce additional space in between one foot note and the next one, but only between the first footnote and the line that separates it from the regular text? I mean, only before all footnotes. – skan Nov 20 '17 at 19:42
\footnote{Hi}
\footnote{\vphantom{\Huge ${A^{A}}^{A}$}far away {\tt footnote}}


The result is:

• That was very creative! :) Not quite automated, like above answers, but I upvoted it because it can be useful in some circumstance I expect – Guido Jorg Nov 3 '13 at 11:22
• @GuidoJorg Also, we can use the 'tabular environment' inside the footnote such that we can make many effects. However, $@karlkoeller$ solution is quite nice. In that way we do not have to worry anymore along the document. Thanks. – Felix Marin Nov 3 '13 at 19:52

Here is what I know to modify footnote settings. I think you could use this for some of your issues. Put the following in your preamble:

\makeatletter
\def\footnoterule{\kern-6\p@        % you can put other values to increase vertical space between rule and notes (just try out); difference between the values after "kern" is the width of the rule!
\hrule \@width 2in \kern 5.7\p@}  % the in value is the length of the footnoterule
\makeatother

\addtolength{\skip\footins}{2pt}    % vertical space between rule and main text

\setlength{\footnotesep}{12pt}  % vertical space between footnotes

\let\origfootnote\footnote       % font size of footnotes; changes \footnotesize command only inside footnotes!
\renewcommand{\footnote}[1]{%
\renewcommand\footnotesize\scriptsize     % here there is scriptsize in footnotes (example)
\origfootnote{#1}}

• You answered (B) :) like I was looking for. Do you also know how to do (C) and (D)? – Guido Jorg Nov 3 '13 at 11:20
• Unfortunately not. C is something I would be interested in, too. – entne Nov 3 '13 at 15:52

For (C), you may set \interfootnotelinepenalty=10000 in the preamble. This will prevent all footnotes to be split. If you want this only for a particular note, just say \samepage at the beginning of the note: \footnote{\samepage ...}.