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I have very long figure captions in a book. I use:

\listoffigures

to create a listing of these captions right after the table of contents. The figures themselves are given in each chapter. Is there a way to suppress the figure captions that now appear with the figure, but keep them in the \listoffigures listing? The figure captions are long and so they don't fit together with figures. Since the captions are listed already in listoffigures near table of contents the readers can simply refer to these and there's no need for caption{} to appear with figure, but I want that information to still get used for the listing. Is this possible?

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    Use an optional argument \caption[]{} – Sigur Nov 9 '13 at 16:56
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    A floating figure should always have a caption; so the \caption[<long>]{<short>} way suggested by Sigur could be what you want. – egreg Nov 9 '13 at 17:00
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    @Sigur Can you make an answer? – egreg Nov 9 '13 at 17:03
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To use different captions for the same float use the optional argument

\caption[<opt>]{<main>}

So the <opt> will be used in the List of... and the <main> will be used together the float.

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