# Referencing Webpage using “apalike” and "natbib

I need to reference some websites in my paper using APA style, I am using natbib and apalike in my tex file.

Here is my bibtex record

@misc{cnn2011rahm,
Author = {Editor CNN},
Date-Modified = {2013-11-21 09:26:00 +0000},
Howpublished = {http://edition.cnn.com/2011/POLITICS/01/27/emanuel.ballot/},
Lastchecked = {Nov 01, 2013},
Month = {January},
Title = {Illinois Supreme Court keeps Emanuel on ballot},
Url = {http://edition.cnn.com/2011/POLITICS/01/27/emanuel.ballot/},
Urldate = {Jan 28, 2011},
Year = {2011}}


But when it was render, it is showed this way

And the necessary information e.g. last accessed is not shown, may I know how do I fix this?

• Alternatively, you can use another author-year bibliography style that deals with urls such as the Journal of Statistical Software jss2 style available on CTAN. – Paul Rougieux Jan 2 '17 at 23:17
• For more details of the above discussions one may refer to the following site http://www.tex.ac.uk/FAQ-citeURL.html – venrey Dec 20 '17 at 5:51

The apalike bibliography style has been around more or less unchanged since 1988. Back then, web pages didn't exist yet -- at least not as items that might be cited in bibliographies. The entry type @misc thus doesn't recognize, and hence blissfully ignores, fields named url, urldate, and lastchecked.

A workaround involves these steps:

• rename the field Lastchecked to note,
• modify the contents of the note field from Nov 01, 2013 to Last accessed on Nov 01, 2013, and (optionally)
• encase the URL string in the howpublished field in a \url{...} wrapper.

Separately, you should also encase the contents of the author and title fields in pairs of curly braces. This prevents BibTeX from (a) misinterpreting the author as a person with first name Editor and last name CNN and (b) lowercasing the words Supreme, Court, and Emanuel in the title field.

Aside: If you need to cite a lot of web pages, you may be better off in the long run choosing a bibliography style which does know what to do with fields named url, urldate, and lastchecked.

Here's an MWE that implements these ideas. Note the changes I applied to the following fields: author, title, howpublished, and urldate (renamed to note).

\RequirePackage{filecontents}
\begin{filecontents}{rahm.bib}
@misc{cnn2011rahm,
Author = {{Editor CNN}},
Date-Modified = {2013-11-21 09:26:00 +0000},
Howpublished = {\url{http://edition.cnn.com/2011/POLITICS/01/27/emanuel.ballot/}},
note = {Last checked on Nov~01, 2013},
Month = {January},
Title = {Illinois {Supreme Court} keeps {Emanuel} on ballot},
Url = {http://edition.cnn.com/2011/POLITICS/01/27/emanuel.ballot/},
Urldate = {Jan 28, 2011},
Year = {2011},
}
\end{filecontents}

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{natbib}
\bibliographystyle{apalike}
\usepackage[hyphens]{url} % <-- new

\begin{document}
\noindent
\cite{cnn2011rahm} reports that \dots
\bibliography{rahm}
\end{document}

• Which citation style includes webpages? – Stophface Apr 17 '18 at 11:27
• @Stophface - There are lots and lots of bibliography styles out there that are set up to recognize and process fields such as url and doi. If you're looking for a suitable list, you should post a new query. It would be helpful if you provided some information as to which formatting requirements you have to (or would like to) satisfy. – Mico Apr 17 '18 at 11:35