Can we remove the ( ) bracket from the environment like Theorem 1.2.1 ( [7]).


1 Answer 1


this can be accomplished by defining a \newtheoremstyle when using amsthm.

here's an example:

%% goal is to omit parens from note, place cite as part of theorem number
  {3pt}% (space above)
  {3pt}% (space below)
  {\itshape}% (body font)
  {}% (indent amount)
  {\bfseries}% {theorem head font}
  {.}% {punctuation after theorem head}
  {.5em}% {space after theorem head}
  {\thmname{#1} \thmnumber{#2} \thmnote{\normalfont#3}}% {theorem head spec}



this theorem is borrowed from somewhere else.


this is a bibitem.



enter image description here

(i'm sure a very similar question was asked within the past few days, because i had already experimented with this problem, but i can't find it. i would also like to thank @mafp, who provided a similar answer in the question How to remove parentheses when I refer to some lemma or proposition.)

edit: in a comment, it has been requested that there be no space between the theorem number and the cited reference. to accomplish that, omit the space from the "theorem spec" line (the last line of the \newtheoremstyle definition):

  {\thmname{#1} \thmnumber{#2}\thmnote{\normalfont#3}}% {theorem head spec}

in this situation, when sometimes there is a "cited" theorem and sometimes a "non-cited" theorem, the same numbering system can be used like this:


specifying the optional argument [thm] between the name of the new theorem environment and its heading text will cause the same counter to be used as already defined when the {thm} environment is set up.

  • But in this case I also got Theorem 1 . where [1] is not used then how we remove the space between Theorem 1 and . Nov 25, 2013 at 18:27
  • @DeepeshPatel -- that's a different (standard) presentation of a theorem: \theoremstyel{plain} \newtheorem{thm}{Theorem} in the preamble, and use it as \begin{thm} ... \end{thm} in the body. if you do use amsthm, it's a good idea to read the documentation: texdoc amsthm. (it's not very long, only five pages.) Nov 25, 2013 at 18:33
  • When I use the \theoremstyle{plain} then again I got like Theorem 1.2 ([7]). Actualy I want Theorem 1.2[7]. and in case there is no like [7] then Theorem 1.2. Nov 25, 2013 at 18:41
  • @DeepeshPatel -- distinguishing between these two situations isn't easy to do automatically. it shouldn't be that difficult to make that decision on input. see my edits. Nov 25, 2013 at 18:51
  • 1
    @DeepeshPatel -- if this answer provides the result you want, you can accept it by clicking on the check mark to the left of the answer. Nov 25, 2013 at 19:05

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