The question is somewhat technical and not the usual troubleshooting type I see here. I just want to have a basic understanding of how do TeX Live, the core operative system and the latex editor work with each other? For example, my configuration is like
TeX 3.1415926 (TeX Live 2009/Debian) kpathsea version 5.0.0 Copyright 2009 D.E. Knuth.
Linux Mint 13
For some files, the compilation command from Kile (Alt+2) and the terminal command (
latex <<filename>>) give somewhat different results, even though the later is more detailed in its report. I want to know what are the roles of my editor and the terminal in the whole process and whether the two compilations are equivalent in all respects? Any link to a tutorial of some sort will be helpful. I have undergrad computer science background.