6

I make a custom shape and I need to put a text inside it. But problem is that my text didn't fit the length of decorated path. So, I need a way to automatically divide text between two or three paths.

So, this is my shape and lines inside it is a place where I want to put my text: enter image description here

I generate this shape with the following code:

\begin{tikzpicture}

% shape
\draw (0,0) ++ (45:3) arc (45:135:3);
\draw (0,0) ++ (45:5) arc (45:135:5);
\draw (45:3) -- (45:5);
\draw (135:3) -- (135:5);

%lines for text
\draw (0,0) ++ (50:3.5) arc (50:130:3.5);
\draw (0,0) ++ (50:4) arc (50:130:4);
\draw (0,0) ++ (50:4.5) arc (50:130:4.5);

\end{tikzpicture}

I plan to put text to this lines using the path decoration:

\path[
  postaction={
    decorate,
    decoration={
      text along path,
      reverse path=true,
      text={very long long text, which don't fit the shape boundaries}
    }
  }
] (0,0) ++ (50:4.5) arc (50:130:4.5);

But if the text is long, it's don't fit the provided space.

enter image description here

So I have to find a way to calculate a provided space and then divide the text between the several paths. Any suggestions?

1 Answer 1

9

You can use a single path (with several segments). (Note the "bug": TikZ uses each segment in reverse order...)

enter image description here

\documentclass{standalone}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary{decorations.text}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}
% shape
\draw (0,0) ++ (45:3) arc (45:135:3);
\draw (0,0) ++ (45:5) arc (45:135:5);
\draw (45:3) -- (45:5);
\draw (135:3) -- (135:5);

%lines for text
\draw[blue] (0,0) ++ (50:3.5) arc (50:130:3.5);
\draw (0,0) ++ (50:4) arc (50:130:4);
\draw (0,0) ++ (50:4.5) arc (50:130:4.5);

% text along path
\path[
postaction={
  decorate,
  decoration={
    text along path,
    reverse path=true,
    text={Very long long text, which don't fit the shape boundaries
      and so on. Very long long text... Very long text...}
  }
}
]
(0,0) ++ (50:3.5) arc (50:130:3.5)
(0,0) ++ (50:4) arc (50:130:4)
(0,0) ++ (50:4.5) arc (50:130:4.5);
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

Here a complete solution without the reverse path option (to avoid the "bug") and without (0,0) (to fit the shape in the bounding box).

\documentclass{standalone}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary{decorations.text}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}
  % shape
  \draw (45:3) arc (45:135:3)
  -- (135:5)  arc (135:45:5)
  -- cycle;

  % lines for text
  \draw
  (50:3.5) arc (50:130:3.5)
  (50:4) arc (50:130:4)
  (50:4.5) arc (50:130:4.5);

  % text along path
  \path[postaction={decorate,decoration={
      text along path,
      text={Very long long text, which don't fit the shape boundaries
        and so on. Very long long text... Very long text...}
    }}]
  (130:4.5) arc (130:50:4.5)
  (130:4) arc (130:50:4)
  (130:3.5) arc (130:50:3.5);
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

enter image description here

3
  • 3
    Instead of reverse path you could always draw the arcs in a "left-to-right" way, for example (130:3.5) arc (130:50:3.5). Also the arcs would need to be drawn "top-to-bottom" by drawing the arc with the largest radius first. Dec 22, 2013 at 20:12
  • @MarkWibrow Excellent point! Thanks ;-) Dec 22, 2013 at 22:24
  • @PaulGaborit thx for great suggestion.
    – bronislav
    Dec 23, 2013 at 8:12

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