Control space between paragraph and table in LaTeX

I have large white space between paragraph and table in a LaTeX file, see the following figure.

how to control this space?

the paper should not exceed 1 page

• Do you know that vertical spaces around floats are stretchable? Do you have a full page with text around it? – Sigur Dec 28 '13 at 13:31
• No. how to do that? – khaled Dec 28 '13 at 13:33
• I mean, LaTeX controls it. If you think that now it is too big, later, with more content it could be smaller. Don't worry about it now. Finish your text and then you can think about modifying vertical spaces and fine tune formating. – Sigur Dec 28 '13 at 13:35
• Probably a MWE can help, in this case... – karlkoeller Dec 28 '13 at 14:52
• If you really just have one page in your paper there is no nead for a floating table with caption. Delete the table-environment and so prevent your table from floating. If you really need a caption, use package capt-of. You can set the vertical space using \vspace{<length>}. I just noticed that @DavidCarlisle suggested the same. – Johannes_B Dec 29 '13 at 8:34

To reduce the spacing, you can simply add h as a float specifier for your table environment, that is change the line

\begin{table}


to

\begin{table}[h]


Then, if you want to reduce it a bit more, add a line (adjust -5pt to fit your needs)

\vspace*{-5pt}


just before the beginning of the table.

MWE

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% One Column
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\documentclass[smallabstract,smallcaptions]{dccpaper}

\usepackage{epsfig}
%\usepackage{citesort}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\usepackage{amssymb}
\usepackage{color}
\usepackage{url}
%\usepackage{placeins}

\newlength{\figurewidth}
\newlength{\smallfigurewidth}

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% One Column
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\setlength{\smallfigurewidth}{2.75in}
\setlength{\figurewidth}{6in}

\begin{document}

\title
{\large
\textbf{ minimal working example (MWE)  \\
}
}

\author{%
Khaled  $^{\ast}$ and  Sean Allred $^{\dag}$\\[0.5em]
{\small\begin{minipage}{\linewidth}\begin{center}
\begin{tabular}{c}
School of Computer Science, laTeX University \\
\url{{someting}@stackexchange.com}
\end{tabular}
\end{center}\end{minipage}}
}

\maketitle
\thispagestyle{empty}

Invented by Adobe Systems and perfected over 20 years, Portable Document Format (PDF) is now an open standard for electronic document exchange maintained by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). When you convert documents, forms, graphics, and web pages to PDF, they look just like they would if printed. But unlike printed documents, PDF files can contain clickable links and buttons, form fields, video, and audio — as well as logic to help automate routine business processes. When you share a PDF file, virtually anyone can read it using free Adobe Reader® software or the Adobe Reader mobile app.

Invented by Adobe Systems and perfected over 20 years, Portable Document Format (PDF) is now an open standard for electronic document exchange maintained by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). When you convert documents, forms, graphics, and web pages to PDF, they look just like they would if printed. But unlike printed documents, PDF files can contain clickable links and buttons, form fields, video, and audio — as well as logic to help automate routine business processes. When you share a PDF file, virtually anyone can read it using free Adobe Reader® software or the Adobe Reader mobile app.Invented by Adobe Systems and perfected over 20 years, Portable Document Format (PDF) is now an open standard for electronic document exchange maintained by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). When you convert documents, forms, graphics, and web pages to PDF, Invented by Adobe Systems and perfected over 20 years, Portable Document Format (PDF) is now an open standard for electronic document exchange maintained by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). When you convert documents, forms. When you convert documents, forms, graphics, and web pages to PDF, they look just like they would if printed.When you convert documents, forms.

\vspace*{-5pt}
\begin{table}[h]
\scriptsize\centering
\caption{Compression of several languages text using different compressors}
\begin{tabular}{|ccccccccc|}
\hline
Language & Corpus & Size  & Bzip2 & ABC2.4 & Gzip  & PPMD& CS-PPM& BS-PPM \\
&(bytes) & (bpc) & (bpc) & (bpc) &(bpc)&(bpc)&(bpc)&(bpc) \\
\hline
Arabic & BACC & 56633170 & 1.45  & 1.38  & 2.14  & 1.83  & 1.38  & \textbf{1.34} \\
\hline
Armenian & HC & 36700160 & 1.56  & 1.37  & 2.39  & 1.69  & 1.18  & \textbf{1.17} \\
\hline
Chinese & LCMC  & 4555457 & 2.65  & 2.57  & 3.47  & 2.49  & \textbf{2.37}  & 2.46 \\
\hline
English & Brown & 5998528 & 2.46  & 2.29  & 3.16  & 2.23  & 2.15  & \textbf{2.10} \\
\hline
English & LOB   & 5877271 & 2.43  & 2.27  & 3.14  & 2.21  & 2.13  & \textbf{2.08} \\
\hline
Persian & Hamshahri & 41567603 & 1.53  & 1.38  & 2.22  & 1.75  & \textbf{1.20}   & 1.26 \\
\hline
Russian & HC & 52428800 & 1.52  & 1.31  & 2.45  & 1.73  & \textbf{1.12}  & 1.12 \\
\hline
Welsh & CEG & 6169422 & 2.55  & 2.34  & 3.19  & 2.30   & 2.20   & \textbf{2.14} \\
\hline
\end{tabular}%