this is supposed to be an easy question, but I didn't find a clear answer anywhere.

I want to use dcolumn with comma as a separator. However, I found different solutions and the manual is unclear to me. It says in D{>sep.tex<}{>sep.dvi<}{>decimal places<}, I have to choose ',' instead of '.' to achieve alignment to the comma. However I dont understand the difference between {>sep.tex<} and {>sep.dvi<}.

Also I found a solution where someone only used {>sep.dvi<} as a comma, whereas the manual suggests to use comma in both, {>sep.tex<} and {>sep.dvi<}.

Can someone explain the difference and tell me how to specify it correctly?

MWE simple as that: \newcolumntype{G}{D..{2.1}} - where G currently aligns to the decimal point, not the comma, in case of 2 decimal places before the separator and 1 after.


  • 1
    \newcolumntype{G}{D{,}{,}{2.1}}? – Henri Menke Jan 2 '14 at 15:04
  • @HenriMenke I know this is what the manual suggests and it works, I have tested it. But what is the difference between the two arguments? In another thread I found sthg like \newcolumntype{G}[1]{D{.}{,}{2.1}}. – TomM Jan 2 '14 at 15:06
  • 1
    The {>sep.tex<} is the one to match in the tex code and the {>sep.dvi<} is the one, which will appear in the document. – Henri Menke Jan 2 '14 at 15:09
  • @HenriMenke Ahh from your wording I think I got it. So {>sep.tex<} does the actual alignment, whereas {>sep.dvi<} is the visible outcome. If you want to make your comment an answer, I will accept it. – TomM Jan 2 '14 at 15:15


Let's look at the definition \newcolumntype{>name<}{D{>sep.tex<}{>sep.dvi<}{>decimal places<}}:

  1. >name< is the name for your new column, limited to one character.
  2. >sep.tex< is the character, which is used for alignment in the TeX code.
  3. >sep.dvi< is the character, which will substitute the >sep.tex<-character in the output (in most cases identical to >sep.tex<, because we only use alignment).
  4. >decimal places< is either -1 for auto detect or pre comma places.post comma places.


\pagestyle{empty}% for cropping
\usepackage{tikzsymbols}% for \Smiley
    10,2 & 5,3 \\
    8,1 & 10,2 \\
    4,4 & 8,1 \\
    8.1 & 10.22 \\ % <-- broken by purpose
    3,4 & 8,5 \\


enter image description here

  • What if I want to put a text in one of the rows and keep it centralized? – rph Nov 22 '18 at 12:18

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