Using the IEEEtran class, I have problems positioning a two-column figure on the desired page: The figure is always plotted on the next page.

Here my minimal code:





Conclusion text




which results in: enter image description here

I'd like to have the figure on the top and then Conclusion and References below. There is definitely enough space for everything. What can I do?

Well, my real conclusion is longer, and I have more bib entries, then the references should continue on the next page.


2 Answers 2


Next paragraph appears in page 11 from IEEEtran_HOWTO

Another LATEX2ε limitation (patched with stfloats or not) is that double column floats will not appear on the same page where they are defined. So, the user will have to define such things prior to the page on which they are to (possibly) appear.

So if you want that your figure be placed where Conclusions and References, declare it in previous page. And remember that due to next paragraph (page 9)

Furthermore, IEEE journals never place floats in the first column of the first page and rarely (if ever) do they do so in the second column of the first page. Middle in-text placement (“here”) is not used.

you must test it with enough text to fill more than one page, otherwise your figure will always appear on an empty second page.

  • 1
    This is an explanation of why it behaves as described in the problem, but it isn't a solution.
    – stefanct
    Commented Nov 9, 2017 at 15:10
  • @stefanct The solution consists in declaring the double column float in previous page. If you know a better solution, please, write it.
    – Ignasi
    Commented Nov 9, 2017 at 15:45
  • And since there is no notation of "pages" within latex, i.e. one cannot simply detect where a page ends, and even then it would be hard to insert the float before that point this is a rather convoluted problem as can be seen in the linked SA thread that does give solutions: tex.stackexchange.com/questions/314257/time-travel-in-latex If I'd knew a better solution I would have posted it of course.
    – stefanct
    Commented Nov 10, 2017 at 10:47
This worked for me  

  • Did you read the comments below the question? I am not familiar with this environment, but it seems manual placement is discouraged.
    – TobiBS
    Commented Jul 26, 2020 at 16:09
  • You saved my Day! Thanks Commented Jun 15, 2021 at 12:15

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .