Biblatex 1.4a
Biblatex-mla 0.95

Biblatex set up as follows:

When I run XeLaTeX (XeTeX, Version 3.1415926-2.2-0.9997.4), I get an error on my first run:
! Package biblatex Error: Command '\smartcite' undefined.

The .tex file compiles fine using biblatex-chicago, and my polyglossia and csquotes declarations are fine:


I'm not using \smartcite anywhere in my document (only \autocite), so I'm wondering if it's a compatibility issue. Any ideas as to what might be going wrong?

1 Answer 1


It is a compatibility issue, since \smartcite, which was introduced in biblatex 1.3, internally uses \autocite, as the following code from biblatex.def shows:


As a temporary workaround, you could redefine this to:


This should work with biblatex-mla 0.95 (though I have not tested it).

  • That's great to know, thanks. I was hoping it would be a compatibility issue, and not a gremlin.
    – urschrei
    Apr 13, 2011 at 12:01
  • 1
    The work around works great but it seems the error still happens when I use \autocites (the multi-cite version). I'm highly confused as to why, since the last argument of DeclareAutoCiteCommand seems to declare the multi version.
    – Max
    Apr 29, 2012 at 7:16
  • @iKs: domwass's solution works with \autocites: tex.stackexchange.com/questions/31192
    – n.r.
    Mar 17, 2013 at 6:31

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