I just installed TexLive on a i386 Ubuntu 12.04 LTS machine.

Now when I try to compile a TeX file I get following error message:

! LaTeX Error: File `caption.sty' not found.

kpsewhich caption.sty gives


I also tried installing caption with tlmgr but after doing that it doesn't work either.

The last thing I did was copy the contents of the usr/local/texlive/2013/texmf-dist/ folder to usr/local/texlive/texmf-local/ in hope that it maybe would work.

When i try to compile these are some of the lines that come before the error.


Does anybody know a solution to this?

  • 4
    Sounds as if you have two tex systems on your PC. – Ulrike Fischer Feb 5 '14 at 13:08
  • may be first follow tex.stackexchange.com/questions/95483/… and then go with tex.stackexchange.com/questions/1092/… – texenthusiast Feb 5 '14 at 13:57
  • How did you intall texlive? – Dox Feb 5 '14 at 14:29
  • i did download the install-tl-unx.tar.gz archive, unzipped it and executed the install-tl script in terminal. then it downloaded the whole thing (about 2700 items) – luffer Feb 5 '14 at 14:34
  • Did you add lines like this PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/texlive/2013/bin/x86_64-linux export PATH MANPATH=$MANPATH:/usr/local/texlive/2013/texmf/doc/man export MANPATH INFOPATH=$INFOPATH:/usr/local/texlive/2013/texmf/doc/info #export INFOPATH to your ~/.bashrc file? – Dox Feb 5 '14 at 14:44

First suggestion would be, Check if the caption.sty file is somewhere on the system

$ locate caption.sty

If it is not installed, most probably the package is not on the basic configuration of texlive.

I used the command

$ apt-cache search caption | grep tex

and found the following packages

texlive-latex-recommended - TeX Live: LaTeX recommended packages
texlive-pictures - TeX Live: Graphics, pictures, diagrams
texlive-latex-extra - TeX Live: LaTeX additional packages
telxcc - Teletext closed captioning decoder

Install them,

$ sudo apt-get -y install texlive-latex-recommended texlive-pictures texlive-latex-extra

and try compiling again!

Friendly advise

If you have hard disk space to spare, I would recommend to install texlive-full, which contains all the packages of the texlive version on the repository. So you have less chance to have this type of problems.

If you install manually

Make sure you add the following lines to your ~/.bashrc file

export PATH
export MANPATH


  • 1
    But if you install texlive through the system-packagemanager, you normally don't get tlmgr, right? Also many systems have really old texlives. – Juri Robl Feb 5 '14 at 15:08
  • 1
    @JuriRobl I do have tlmgr! (Debian Sid, with texlive-full installed through the command line). However, I'm not sure if the old version in the Ubuntu repo has it! :-/ – Dox Feb 5 '14 at 16:34
  • Oh cool, I didn't get it the last time I installed it on Debian and Ubuntu. It was some time ago, though. – Juri Robl Feb 5 '14 at 16:49
  • @Dox: It worked. Although I don't know why. – luffer Feb 5 '14 at 17:49
  • @luffer I guess that you had texlive installed first from the repo. Therefore, when you installed a new version (manually), it's mandatory to add to the $PATH of binaries the new files (this include the newest LaTeX kernel, classes, styles, etc.). Additionally, the new installation has documentation in the for of manual and info pages... the path to those files should be include properly into the $MANPATH and $INFOPATH variables. – Dox Feb 5 '14 at 20:02

It would be better to install all the packages of texlive using the command:

    sudo apt-get install texlive-full 
  • 2
    This is a huge amount of stuff, and normally, things should not break if you don't wish to download a full texlive installation. – Bubaya Mar 27 '19 at 14:42
  • Welcome to TeX.se. I'm having trouble understanding your last sentence. Did you mean to say "As once you get one file file necessary to resolve a missing file error, the next error will pop out."? It may be clearer to say "Otherwise, once you resolve one missing dependency, the next one will appear." – Teepeemm Mar 27 '19 at 14:42
  • Bubaya, I agree. I tried out the same but then once I started getting dependency issues. I felt it was better to install the entire version than installing each dependency file one by one for Tex. – ashwinjoseph Apr 2 '19 at 6:26

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