# Trying to get Cyrillic output from Cyrillic input, all I get are?

Can anyone help me? I've looked here and around Google, but all the code which people claim works for them doesn't work for me. For example, if I use XeLaTeX on:

\documentclass{book}
\usepackage[paperwidth=5in,paperheight=8in,
top=0.75in,  bottom=0.75in,
inner=0.75in,outer=0.75in ]{geometry}
\usepackage{setspace}

\usepackage{libertine}
\usepackage[russian]{babel}

\begin{document}

\begin{titlepage}
\vspace*{\stretch{2}}
\begin{center}
\huge
Либертарианские уроки \\
\textit{Южного Парка}

\vspace{\stretch{1}}
\Large
Libertarian Philosophy in \\
\textit{South Park}

\vspace{\stretch{4}}
\normalsize
Брандон Симпсон
\end{center}
\end{titlepage}

\end{document}


I get the English output as normal, but the Cyrillic characters are all rendered as ??????

I thought maybe the problem was with TeXShop, but if I open the .pdf with Preview or Acrobat, it's all ???s...

Any advice? I've been using LaTeX for a long time, but haven't had to write in Cyrillic, and don't know much about fonts/encoding/etc.

thank you

• Welcome to TeX.SX! You can have a look at our starter guide to familiarize yourself further with our format. – user11232 Mar 4 '14 at 2:32
• I get the expected result, provided the file is saved as UTF-8. Add % !TEX encoding = UTF-8 Unicode at the beginning of the file and retry. – egreg Mar 4 '14 at 8:05

To run the above code with XeLaTeX, you'd better replace the line

\usepackage[russian]{babel}


with

\usepackage{polyglossia}
\setmainlanguage{russian}


\usepackage{fontspec}


to get the correct font encoding and be sure that your document is UTF-8 encoded.

Then the following MWE

\documentclass{book}
\usepackage[paperwidth=5in,paperheight=8in,
top=0.75in,  bottom=0.75in,
inner=0.75in,outer=0.75in ]{geometry}
\usepackage{setspace}

\usepackage{fontspec}
\usepackage{polyglossia}
\setmainlanguage{russian}
\usepackage{libertine}

\begin{document}

\begin{titlepage}
\vspace*{\stretch{2}}
\begin{center}
\huge
Либертарианские уроки \\
\textit{Южного Парка}

\vspace{\stretch{1}}
\Large
Libertarian Philosophy in \\
\textit{South Park}

\vspace{\stretch{4}}
\normalsize
Брандон Симпсон
\end{center}
\end{titlepage}

\end{document}


produces

• thanks for the response! but the problem persists...the strange thing is, i feel like i was able to make cyrillic output as a test once before, using exactly this source. i think since then i've had to do a clean install on this machine, and now instead of that lovely Либертарианские уроки i get ????????; on the second line, the question marks are italicized, even... – ethan Mar 4 '14 at 18:23
• Hmmm...and I don't know if this is helpful, but something very strange just happened. I found an old handout I had made in Russian. I went to typeset it using XeLaTeX. Everything worked. BUT, the characters in the source somehow turned into gibberish. So, here is the current source:\\ \section{ÐÑÐµÐŽÐžÑÐ»ÐŸÐ²ÐžÐµ} ÐÐœÐŸÐ³ÐžÐµ ÑÑÐžÑÐ°ÑÑ, ÑÑÐŸ ÐŒÐµÑÑÐŸÐžÐŒÐµÐœÐžÑ ÐŽÐŸÐ»Ð¶ÐœÑ ÑÐ°ÑÑÐŒÐ°ÑÑÐžÐ²Ð°ÑÑÑÑ ÐºÐ°Ðº Ð¿ÐµÑÐµÐŒÐµÐœÐœÑÐµ ÑÐžÐ¿Ð°-\typ{e}:\\ and here is what that outputs: 1. Предисловие Многие считают, что местоимения должны рассматриваться как переменные типа-⟨e⟩: – ethan Mar 4 '14 at 18:39
• @ethan The only thing you have to do is to be sure that the encoding of the document is UTF-8. – karlkoeller Mar 4 '14 at 18:41
• thank you, is there more to that than adding this \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} to the preamble? if i add that, i get no error when compiling, but still a bunch of ??? instead of russian – ethan Mar 4 '14 at 18:44
• @ethan That is to let LaTeX know that your file is UTF-8 encoded, but the encoding of your document MUST be UTF-8. I don't know how to do this in TeXShop, see its manual. – karlkoeller Mar 4 '14 at 18:46