I've tried to create German quotation marks in LaTeX, but after compiling with \usepackage[ngerman]{babel}, I get this error:

! Package babel Error: Unknow option `ngerman'. Either you misspelled it
(babel) or the language definition file ngerman.ldf was not found.

The solution "Partei"' doesn't work at all and the alternative \glqq only works with the \usepackage[ngerman]{babel}...

This is my code:


can anybody help me please? I have to turn in my paper next week...

Here's my "extended example":

I want to have German quotation marks. Normally, there are two possibilities to accomplish that:

  1. either you do it this way: "`Partei"' and compile it. Unfortunately, this does not work any more (it has worked for my last paper, but I didn't change anything in my TeXmaker)

  2. you can write: \glqq Partei\grqq and then you get German quotation marks in case you have installed the \usepackage[ngerman]{babel} or \usepackage{german}, but with both usepackaged I get the error described above.

Normally, I work with TeXmaker on Linux Ubuntu.

Do you need any more information? I'm not quite an expert on this field, sorry...

  • 1
    Can you extend your code to a compilable minimal example? That way we are all on the same page and know what's going on. – Johannes_B Mar 22 '14 at 15:56
  • 1
    Are you using MiKTeX? If so, go to the Settings, Languages, and make sure the entries with (n)german are checked. – doncherry Mar 22 '14 at 15:58
  • The German orthography reform became official in 1996 and, IIRC, the ngerman module for babel was issued shortly thereafter. What TeX distribution are you using? If it's on a GNU/Linux box, you may have to install German language support. – egreg Mar 22 '14 at 17:49
  • How do I install the German language support in Linux? – Susanne Mar 22 '14 at 18:09
  • 7
    @Susanne I believe that sudo apt-get texlive-lang-german from a terminal should do; or use Synaptic (or whatever you use for installing Debian packages). – egreg Mar 22 '14 at 18:22

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