# Adding points when plotting a graph: how to do with tikz?

## My question

How can I add plots to the graph I am drawing, in order to have a more precise drawing?

## My code

I am learning how to plot graphs.

Here is the code I use. You can see on the picture that the curve is not smooth: one should use more plots to draw this graph.

\begin{tikzpicture}[domain=-5:8]
\draw[very thin,color=gray] (-5.1,-1.6) grid (8.1,1.6);
\draw[->] (-5.2,0) -- (8.2,0) node[right] {$x$};
\draw[->] (0,-1.7) -- (0,1.7) node[right] {$\sin(x)$};
\draw[color=orange] plot function{sin(x)} ;
\end{tikzpicture}


You can add smooth as the option.

\documentclass[tikz,border=10pt]{standalone}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[domain=-5:8]
\draw[very thin,color=gray] (-5.1,-1.6) grid (8.1,1.6);
\draw[->] (-5.2,0) -- (8.2,0) node[right] {$x$};
\draw[->] (0,-1.7) -- (0,1.7) node[right] {$\sin(x)$};
\draw[color=orange] plot[smooth] function{sin(x)} ;
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}


With powerful pgfplots, there is a samples key using which you can add more data points to be plotted

\documentclass[border=10pt]{standalone}
\usepackage{pgfplots}
\pgfplotsset{compat=1.10}

\begin{document}

\begin{tikzpicture}

\begin{axis}[xmin=0,xmax=10,
ymin=-2,ymax=2,grid=major,
]
\addplot[domain=0:4*pi,samples=500]  {sin(deg(x))};   %% change samples value. you can also add smooth option
\end{axis}
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}


With more samples plots become more smooth at the cost of compilation time. Some times it is advisable to use gnuplot from within addplot as gnuplot is better in doing computations.

\documentclass[border=10pt]{standalone}
\usepackage{pgfplots}
\pgfplotsset{compat=1.10}

\begin{document}

\begin{tikzpicture}

\begin{axis}[xmin=0,xmax=10,
ymin=-2,ymax=2,grid=major,
]
\addplot[blue, samples=5000] gnuplot[domain = 0:4*pi] {sin(x)};   %% change samples value.
\end{axis}
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}


pgfplots offers lot of goodies for plotting. I suggest you switch to it for plotting needs.

As suggested by Claudio Fiandrino, you can use the versatile hobby tikz library. There are two options - quick hobby and hobby for open curves.

\documentclass[tikz,border=10pt]{standalone}
\usetikzlibrary{hobby}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[domain=-5:8]
\draw[very thin,color=gray] (-5.1,-1.6) grid (8.1,1.6);
\draw[->] (-5.2,0) -- (8.2,0) node[right] {$x$};
\draw[->] (0,-1.7) -- (0,1.7) node[right] {$\sin(x)$};
\draw[color=orange] plot[quick hobby] function{sin(x)} ;    % quick hobby or simply hobby
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}


• Or even hobby... Apr 4 '14 at 14:00
• Great.. looking for the complete answer, but don't expect another upvote from me: already done ;) Apr 4 '14 at 14:05
• Yes, I had in mind \draw[color=orange] plot[hobby] function{sin(x)} ;.. Apr 4 '14 at 14:25
• Samples is TikZ option. Apr 4 '14 at 14:27
• @Colas If for tikz add x=<dimension> to the option of tikzpicture. For example, \begin{tikzpicture}[x=0.5cm] will reduce width by 50% (x=2cm will double the width). For pgfplots add width=<dimension> to the axis options → \begin{axis}[width=2in,xmin=0,...]
– user11232
Apr 5 '14 at 12:37

You can change to pgfplots

\documentclass[tikz,border=10pt]{standalone}
\usepackage{pgfplots}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}
\begin{axis}[axis lines=center,domain=-5:8, xlabel=$x$, ylabel=$y$]