3

just wanted to create a table, that looks something like the following

table

First and second row are no problem at all, but the third row is difficult. I can't achieve this special alignment.

Thanks in advance

2
  • 5
    You could use \phantom{1} to create an invisible digit 1. Apr 21, 2014 at 14:22
  • Welcome to TeX.SX, by the way. Apr 21, 2014 at 14:27

2 Answers 2

3

I guess the semi-tricky thing about the table is that whereas the columns' contents are all left-aligned, the numbers are -- depending on point of view -- either right-aligned or aligned on their decimal points/commas.

To achieve the desired look, you could use

  • the tabularx package and a modified form of its X column type to generate left-aligned entries while automatically breaking lines in the table's header, and

  • "phantoms" to insert whitespace where needed. Since three instances of such a need occur just on the third line, it's handy to create a shortcut macro for this task, e.g., to set \newcommand\ph{$\phantom{1}$}.

enter image description here

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{booktabs,tabularx}
\newcolumntype{Y}{>{\raggedright\arraybackslash}X}
\newcommand\ph{$\phantom{1}$} % a handy shortcut
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage{newtxtext,newtxmath} % looks like the font is use is "Times Roman"
\begin{document}
\noindent
\begin{tabularx}{0.6\textwidth}{@{} YYY @{}}
\toprule
\textbf{Wellenlänge} & \textbf{Spezifische Absorption} & \textbf{Maximale Abweichung}\\
\textbf{(nm)} & $\mathbf{A}^{1\,\%}_{1\,\text{cm}}$\\
\midrule
235 &   124,5   &   122,9 --   126,2 \\
257 &   144,5   &   142,8 --   146,2 \\
313 & \ph48,6   & \ph47,0 -- \ph50,3 \\
350 &   107,3   &   105,6 --   109,0 \\
\bottomrule
\end{tabularx}
\end{document}
1

There are some ways to get this layout, one already proposed by Ian Thompson using \phantom, also shown here or using extra columns with automatic filling of the - characters in the 3rd logical column from the screen shot.

\documentclass[12pt]{article}
\usepackage{array}


\begin{document}


\begin{center}
\begin{tabular}{lrr}
\hline
\textbf{Wellenl\"ange}  & \textbf{Spezifische}  & \multicolumn{1}{l}{\textbf{Maximale}} \tabularnewline
               & \textbf{Absorption} & \multicolumn{1}{l}{\textbf{Abweichung}} \tabularnewline
\textbf{(nm) } & & \tabularnewline
\hline
235 & 124,5 & 122,9 -- 126,2 \tabularnewline
257 & 144,5 & 142,8 -- 146,2 \tabularnewline
313 & 48,6 &  \phantom{1}47,0 -- \phantom{1}50,3 \tabularnewline
350 & 107,3 & 105,6 -- 109,0 \tabularnewline
\hline
\end{tabular} \par
\end{center}

\begin{center}
\begin{tabular}{lrrl@{--}lr}

\hline
\textbf{Wellenl\"ange}  & \textbf{Spezifische}  & \multicolumn{4}{l}{\textbf{Maximale}} \tabularnewline
               & \textbf{Absorption} & \multicolumn{4}{l}{\textbf{Abweichung}} \tabularnewline
\textbf{(nm) } & & \multicolumn{4}{l}{} \tabularnewline
\hline
235 & 124,5 & 122,9 &  & & 126,2 \tabularnewline
257 & 144,5 & 142,8  & & & 146,2 \tabularnewline
313 & 48,6 &  47,0 & & &  50,3 \tabularnewline
350 & 107,3 & 105,6 & & &  109,0 \tabularnewline
\hline
\end{tabular}

\end{center}


\end{document}

enter image description here

0

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.