The document Using Imported Graphics in L A TEX and pdfL A TEX talks about the different ways to affect where a floating figure is placed [htbp]. But these arguments are optional ...

So how is the float placed if I don't enter any options? Is not entering any options equal to [htbp] or some other combination of placement demands? If so which?

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    @LaRiFaRi The one thing about floats that Frank's opus does not answer is the question asked here. – David Carlisle Apr 22 '14 at 9:18
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    Just a small addition. They are optional but also restrictive. Eg if you only put [bp] then you override the default and latex is only allowed to put it in bottom or new page. Took me ages to understand the difference that it's not a preference but requirement :) – Trefex Apr 22 '14 at 9:23
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    @Trefex yes which is why using [h] is such a bad idea, as it means not top, not bottom and not on a float page, which doesn't give latex many options.... – David Carlisle Apr 22 '14 at 9:29
  • @DavidCarlisle exactly, I always use [!htb] which fits my needs for most of the cases. – Trefex Apr 22 '14 at 13:00
  • @Trefex that's almost as bad:-) It's logically dubious to have a default that you don't want and then over-ride the default on every instance of a float. Better to set the defaults that you want. – David Carlisle Apr 22 '14 at 13:30

It is set in the class per float type

article.cls defines


so for figures and tables the default is [tbp]

  • report.cls contains the same lines indicating tbp placement – spinup Aug 24 '17 at 18:19
  • @spinup yes, article report and book are all produced from the same source file (classes.dtx) – David Carlisle Aug 24 '17 at 19:08

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