Hi I basically want to use biblatex instead of apacite. When I try run the following code, it just doesn't run:

   author    = "A. E. Gill",
   title     = "Some Simple Solutions for Heat-Induced Tropical Circulation",
   journal   = "Quart. J. R. Met. Soc.",
   volume    = 106,
   year      = 1980,
   pages     = "447-462",
   author    = "D. E. Knuth",
   title     = "The \tex/book",
   publisher = "Addison-Wesley",
   year      = 1984,
   note      = "Describes \tex/ in detail",


\usepackage[style=apa, backend=bibtex]{biblatex}

\title{Example Title}
\author{Author Name}

First line. 

Reference is \textcite{ref1} and \cite{TeX}.


When I delete backend=bibtex, it gives an output but instead of "Reference is Gill (1980) ..." it writes: "Reference is ref1 ...". What can be possibly wrong here?

UPDATE: After fiddling around, I discovered that (with the help of comments of course) the problem is with my system and I guess biber is still buggy. Here is what I did to solve my problem:

  1. Previously I had Miktex 2.9 64 bit version. It turns out that biber is not included in that version (Source). I reinstall Miktex 32 bit version and it worked.
  2. I had to change default bibliography engine in TexStudio from bibtex to biber.
  3. Also, running TexStudio in administrator mode helped. Check here.
  4. biber has problems with special characters, i.e. % sign (Check here). It is buggy even though they claim to solve it (Check here). Check the URL's and abstracts whether there is a special character. Delete them (what a bummer)..

closed as off-topic by Guido, Heiko Oberdiek, Adam Liter, Werner, barbara beeton Apr 30 '14 at 20:27

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  • 1
    Because you have to use biber instead of bibtex to compile the references. – Guido Apr 29 '14 at 18:33
  • 5
    As Guide has pointed out, you will have to use Biber. Although in general it is not necessarily required to use Biber, biblatex-apa requires Biber. So you cannot use backend=bibtex, you have to specify backend=biber (or delete the backend option altogether, then backend=biber will be assumed) and run Biber. Maybe Biblatex with Biber: Configuring my editor to avoid undefined citations and How to use biber can help you. – moewe Apr 29 '14 at 18:39
  • @Guido @moewe, Thanks for explanations. I believe there is something wrong with the compiler I use TexStudio. Because, even though I used the same code as the first comment here, I failed. Also, I tried to add backend=biber to the same code I wrote above with a biber library I downloaded from here. Failed again. Anyway thanks for help.. – HBat Apr 29 '14 at 21:20
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    If the editor seems to have problems, it is a good idea to see if you make things work from the command line. – jon Apr 29 '14 at 23:11
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    This question appears to be off-topic because the problem was solve by reinstalling a TeX distribution – Guido Apr 30 '14 at 19:27