How can I modify the caption name of a figure? For example I have

\caption{This is a figure.}

and by default the caption appears as

Figure 1: This is a figure.

However I want

Fig.1 - This is a figure.

3 Answers 3


First, you have to redefine \figurename.

Option1: Without using the babel package:


Option2: With babel (and English as language):


For other babel languages you need to use the proper \captions<language> command instead of \captionsenglish in the command above.

For changing the separator between label and caption text, I recommend the caption package.





\caption{This is a figure}


EDIT: In case anyone wonders how to change the caption name of tables: Redefine \tablename.

  • Ok, but the figure is numbered like Fig. 0.0.1.. how can i remove that numerotation?
    – qwerty
    May 5, 2011 at 16:37
  • 4
    @qwerty: See this question for general hints about changing the numbering of figures and tables.
    – lockstep
    May 5, 2011 at 16:41
  • 3
    remove all numbers: \renewcommand{\thefigure}{} May 5, 2011 at 17:10
  • 2
    or you can use \caption*{} May 5, 2011 at 17:11
  • 12
    Using the figurename= key for the caption package (as in \usepackage[figurename=Fig.]{caption} ) you can change the figure name and this will work whether babel is used or not. May 5, 2011 at 18:17

This is a simple solution:


Works with and without babel. Use tablename for tables.

  • 2
    Note that it has to be placed after \usepackage{babel} or babel will redefine the names back to its default settings. May 28, 2018 at 8:10
  • @VáclavPavlík I believe not if you write the above solution after the import.
    – niko
    Sep 3, 2018 at 8:47
  • but if I subfigures it produces an error: "Package caption error: can be used only in preamble...
    – skan
    Jan 8, 2019 at 17:38

You can go to the file pseudocode.sty (if you are using a pseudocode environment) and changing the word "algorithm" by "algorithme".

The file is installed C:/programfile/...Miktex...pseudocode

  • pardon: file "pseudocode.sty" not "pseudocode.sys"
    – Arezki Med
    May 12, 2013 at 20:22
  • 15
    It is bad practice to change the files originally included in your TeX distribution.
    – lockstep
    Aug 10, 2013 at 13:33
  • 3
    You better edit your answer than correcting it in a comment!
    – mafp
    Aug 10, 2013 at 13:35
  • 3
    Despite the fact, that it is bad advice to change distributed files, this is rather a comment than an answer.
    – Johannes_B
    May 28, 2014 at 9:15
  • This is a bad solution. You should use existing functionality or extent it with a package (such as caption). Nov 9, 2018 at 16:11

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