Want to make the following shapes function in TikZenter image description here

\tikzstyle{every node}=[draw,shape=circle];
\draw (0,0)  --   (0,1)  node {1};
\draw (0,1)  --   (1,1)  node {2};
\draw (1,1)  --   (1,0)  node {3};
\draw (1,0) --    (0,0)  node {4};
\tikzstyle{every node}=[draw,shape=circle];
\draw (0,0)  -- ++  (1,1)  node {1};
\draw (1,1)  -- ++  (1,-1) node {2};
\draw (0,0)  --  ++ (2,0)  node {3};
  • 1
    Can you show us what you've tried so far? Have you consulted the numerous TikZ resources recommended to you in your other questions to give you a starting point? May 7, 2014 at 14:13
  • I need these figure for my Thesis. I start working on TikZ but complex figure I couldn't make it like last 5 figure
    – Micky K
    May 7, 2014 at 14:16
  • 3
    Then please, show us your code for the first nine. Or better yet, just ask about a specific issue in one of the final five. When asking graphics questions that are essentially "do this for me" formats, you are at the mercy of the procrastination of our users here. :-) Asking questions about specific problems you're having on one figure often leads to faster and more learning-conducive answers. The question is then much more useful to future visitors to the site as well. May 7, 2014 at 14:25
  • Please edit these into the question (using the "edit" button to the left side of the bottom of the post) rather than leaving multiple comments. A tip when editing your post: If you indent lines by 4 spaces or enclose words in backticks `, they'll be marked as code. You can also highlight the code and click the "code" button (with "{}" on it). May 7, 2014 at 14:30
  • The above two i make for 4 and 7 figure. I am still trying to make it.
    – Micky K
    May 7, 2014 at 14:45

1 Answer 1


Try to understand this code and you'll know how to draw all of them.

Start with definition of coordinates.

\coordinate (1) at (0,0,2);

creates a coordinate node (node without dimensions) named 1 at point (x,y,z)=(0,0,2). 2 means 2cm. If you need some particular unit change cm to mm, in, ... Later reference to point (0,0,2) will be done with (1). There is no need to remember its particular coordinates.

Second place circles in every coordinate and add labels to it.

    \fill (1) circle (1pt) node [below] {1};

will draw and fill a circle with radious 1pt (1 point) with center in coordinate 1. Below it a node with text 1 is placed. Because points 1 to 4 has label below and 5 to 8 has it above, it's possible to use a foreach loop.

Last, draw lines between coordinates:

\draw[dashed] (1)--(4)--(3) (4)--(8);

draws a dashed line from coordinate 1 to 4 and 3. Next places the pen on coordinate 4 and draws another line to coordinate 8.

You can use nodes (coordinates are nodes) to position other nodes. JLDiaz explained in his comments how to use calc syntax (needs \usetikzlibrary{calc} in preamble) to do it:

\coordinate (17) at ($(1)!.5!(5)$);

defines a new coordinate 17 on "the point in the line (1)-(5) which is at 50% of the distance from (1)" (the !.5! means that 50%). One you have coordinate 17 defined you can apply again \fill (17) circle (1pt) node [left] {17}; to draw the circle and label.

An alternative syntax could be

\path (1) -- (5) coordinate[pos=0.5] (17);

which means move from 1 to 5 and in pos=0.5 from this path place a coordinate node named 17. This syntax doesn't use calc library.

As an exercice: What do you think \coordinate (27) at ($(1)!.5!(7)$); does?

Before the complete code a little suggestion. If you fill intimidated by TiKZ huge documentation, take a look at some of documents recommended in

Now the complete code

\documentclass[tikz, border=2mm]{standalone}

\coordinate (1) at (0,0,2);
\coordinate (2) at (2,0,2);
\coordinate (3) at (2,0,0);
\coordinate (4) at (0,0,0);
\coordinate (5) at (0,2,2);
\coordinate (6) at (2,2,2);
\coordinate (7) at (2,2,0);
\coordinate (8) at (0,2,0);

\coordinate (17) at ($(1)!.5!(5)$);
\coordinate (27) at ($(1)!.5!(7)$);

\foreach \i in {1,...,4}
    \fill (\i) circle (1pt) node [below] {\i};

\foreach \i in {5,...,8}
    \fill (\i) circle (1pt) node [above] {\i};

\fill (17) circle (1pt) node [left] {17};
\fill (27) circle (1pt) node [above] {27};

\draw (1) --(2) --(3) --(7) --(6)--(5)--(8)--(7);
\draw (1)--(5) (2)--(6);
\draw[dashed] (1)--(4) --(3) (4)--(8);


enter image description here

  • by using the your code I just make the first and now I am try to make the 2nd figure
    – Micky K
    May 7, 2014 at 15:02
  • second done :-)
    – Micky K
    May 7, 2014 at 15:07
  • How i make the mid node between 1 and 2, in 4th figure?
    – Micky K
    May 7, 2014 at 15:35
  • @SKKhan Interpolated coordinates. You need \usetikzlibrary{calc}, and then you can write \coordinate (5) at ($(1)!.5!(2)$);, which means "the point in the line (1)-(2) which is at 50% of the distance from (1)" (the !.5! means that 50%).
    – JLDiaz
    May 7, 2014 at 15:46
  • 1
    @SKKhan: I've updated my answer here because from your comment I've didn't understood that you had opened a new question. You can include links to other questions or answers in your questions, answers or comments. Please take a look at this guide to learn how to do it. It will be easier for you to improve your questions and easier for us to help you.
    – Ignasi
    May 8, 2014 at 7:53

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